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Italy: Fascist Regime (1922-1943)

(see also Italy, Italian Radicalism, Italy: Sicily, Fascism, Germany: Nazi Regime & World War II: Europe)

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Benito Mussolini (Wikipedia).

On the Web: Articles

On the Web: Specialized Sites

In the Library: Articles

Adamson, Walter L. "Modernism & fascism: the politics of culture in Italy, 1902-1922," American Historical Review 95,2 (4/90):359-90.

Fraddosio, Maria. "The fallen hero: the myth of Mussolini & Fascist women in the Italian social republic," Journal of Contemporary History 31 (1996):99-124.

Sodi, Risa. "The Italian roots of racialism," UCLA Historical Journal 8 (1987):40-70.

Zamponi, Simonetta Falasca. "Of storytellers & master narratives: modernity, memory, & history in Fascist Italy," Social Science History 22 (1998):415-44.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Allardyce, Gilbert (eds.) The Place of Fascism in European History (Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1971).

Battaglia, Roberto. The Story of the Italy Resistance (London: Odhams Press, 1957).

Bosworth, R.J.B. & Patrizia Dogliani (eds.) Italian Fascism: History, Memory, & Representation (NY: St. Martin's, 1999).

Bosworth, R.J.B. Mussolini (London: Oxford, 1999).

Chabod, Federico. A History of Italian Fascism [1963] (trans. Muriel Grindrod; NY: Fertig, 1975).

Corner, Paul. Fascism in Ferrara, 1915-1925 (NY: Oxford, 1975).

Corti, Eugenio. The Last Soldiers of the King: Wartime Italy, 1943-1945 (Columbia: U. of Missouri, 2003)

Debenedetti, Giacomo. October 16, 1943/Eight Jews (Notre Dame IN: U. Notre Dame, 199?). Evokes Rome's mood in that fateful autumn of the Holocaust.

de Felice, Renzo. Fascism: An Informal Introduction to its Theory & Practice (New Brunswick NJ: Transaction, 1976).

Doumanis, Nicholas. Myth & Memory in the Mediterranean: Remembering Fascism's Empire (NY, 1997).

Duggan, Christopher. Fascism & the Mafia (New Haven: Yale, 1989).

Eatwell, Roger. Fascism: A History (NY: Penguin, 1995).

Gallo, Max. Mussolini’s Italy (NY: MacMillan, 1973).

Gättens, Marie-Louise. Women Writers & Fascism: Reconstructing History (Gainesville: U. Florida, 1995).

Gentile, Emilio. The Sacralization of Politics in Fascist Italy (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1996).

Griffin, Roger (ed.) Fascism (NY: Oxford, 1995). Excellent reader.

Hood, Stuart. Carlino (Pebbles from My Skull) (Manchester: Carcanet,1985).

Hoyt, Edwin P. Mussolini's Empire: The Rise & Fall of the Fascist Vision (NY: J. Wiley, 1994).

Landy, Marcia. Fascism in Film: The Italian Commercial Cinema, 1931-1943 (Princeton: Princeton U, 1986).

Lamb, Richard. War in Italy (London: John Murray, 1993)

Laqueur, Walter. Fascism: Past, Present, and Future (NY: Oxford, 1996).

Lubasz, Heinz (ed.) Facism: Three Major Regimes (NY: J. Wiley, 1973).

Mahoney, Barbara S. Dispatches & Dictators: Ralph Barnes for the Herald Tribune (Corvallis OR: Oregon State U, 2002). Story of an influential reporter writing from Germany, Italy & the Soviet Union in the 30's.

Mammarella, Giuseppe. Italy After Fascism: A Political History, 1943-65 (Notre Dame IN: U. Notre Dame, 1965).

Mosse, George L. The Fascist Revolution: Toward a General Theory of Fascism (NY, 1999).

Munro, Ion S. Through Fascism to World Power: A History of the Revolution in Italy (London: A. Maclehose, 1933).

Newby, Eric. Love & War in the Apennines (London : Picador/ Collins, 1983).

Passerini, Luisa. Fascism in Popular Memory: The Cultural Experience of the Turin Working Class (NY: Cambridge, 1987).

Pavone, Claudio. Una Guerra Civile 1943-45 (?: Bollati Boringhieri, 1991).

Payne, Stanley G. A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 (Madison: U. Wisconsin, 1995).

Pollard, John F. The Fascist Experience in Italy (NY: Routledge, 1998).

Ridley, Jasper. Mussolini (NY: St. Martin's, 1998).

Roberts, David D. The Syndicalist Tradition & Italian Fascism (Chapel Hill: U. North Carolina, 1979).

Salazar Mallén, Rubén. El estado corporativo fascista (discursos de Mussolini y leyes italianos) (México: UNAM, 1977).

Salvatore, Filippo. Fascism & the Italians of Montreal: An Oral History, 1922-1945 (Toronto: Guernica, 1998).

Sarti, Roland. Fascism & the Industrial Leadership in Italy, 1919-1940: A Study in the Expansion of Private Power Under Fascism (Berkeley: U. California, 1971).

Seldes, George. Sawdust Caesar: The Untold History of Mussolini & Fascism (NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 1935).

Slaughter, Jane. Women & the Italian Resistance, 1943-1945 (Denver: Arden, 1997).

Snowden, Frank M. The Fascist Revolution in Tuscany, 1919-1922 (NY: Cambridge, 1989).

Sternhall, Zeev; Mario Sznajder & Maia Asheri. The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution (Princeton: Princeton U, 1996).

Tannenbaum, Edward R. The Fascist Experience: Italian Society & Culture, 1922-1945 (NY: , 1972).

Traldi, Alberto. Fascism & Fiction: A Survey of Italian Fiction on Fascism (& Its Reception in Britain & the US) (Metuchen MJ: Scarecrow, 1987).

Wiskemann, Elizabeth. Fascism in Italy: Its Development & Influence (NY: St. Martin's, 1969).

In the Library: Fiction

Bassani, Giorgio. The Garden of the Finzi-Continis (trans. William Weaver; NY: Harcourt Brace, 1977).

Ginzburg, Natalia. All Our Yesterdays (Tutti i nostri ieri) [1952] (trans. Angus Davidson; NY: Arcade, 1989). Searing portrait of a society hungry for change, but betrayed by war.

Morante, Elsa. History: A Novel (trans. William Weaver; NY: Knopf, 1977).

Pratolini, Vasco. A Tale of Poor Lovers (NY: Monthly Review, 198?). Story of in an Italian community between the wars, under the spreading shadow of Fascism.

Silone, Ignazio. Fontamara [1934] (NY, 1938).

__________. Bread & Wine [1937] (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1946).

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio

Film & Video

"Amarcord" [1973], dir. Federico Fellini, 127m. In video stores. Rimini in the 1930's, civil society vs. fascism.

"Blood on the Balcony" [1962], dir. Pasquale Prunas, ?m. Documentary on Benito Mussolini.

"Cinema Paradiso" [1988], dir. Giuseppe Tornatore, 121m.

"Facing Windows (La finestra di fronte)" [2003], dir. Ferzan Ozpetek, 106m. In video stores. Italian Jewish holocaust victim looks back from recent times to terror of Nazi occupation.

"The Garden of the Finzi-Continis" [Giardino dei Finzi-Contini]" [1970], dir. Vitorio di Sica, 95m. In video stores. Travails of a wealthy Jewish family under fascism.

"Life is Beautiful [La vita e bella]" [1997], dir. Roberto Benigni, 116m. In video stores.

"Malena" [2001], dir. Giuseppe Tornatore, 92m. In video stores.

"Open City [Roma, cittá apperta]" [1945], dir. Roberto Rossellini, 100 m. In video stores.

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