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East Timor

(see also Indonesia)

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CIA World Factbook. Includes map.

New Internationalist Profile

UN Development Program, Human Development Indicators

World Guide

On the Web: Articles

On the Web: Specialized Sites

Asia Observer. Regular news reporting from East Timor.

Coalition for International Justice

East Timor Action Network. US research & advocacy group, major news source.

East Timor.com. News & commentary from new Republic.

East Timor World. Best for links to InterNet resources.

Human Rights Watch: East Timor.

La'o Hamutuk. East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring & Analysis in Dili.

WWW Virtual Library

ZNet Page on East Timor

In the Library: Articles

Anderson, B. O’G. et al. "The UN & East Timor," Indonesia 42 (10/86):129-42.

__________. "The state & minorities in Indonesia," in Cultural Survival Inc., Southeast Asian Tribal Groups & Ethnic Minorities (Cambridge MA, 1987), pp. 73-81.

__________. "Imagining East Timor," Arena 4 (4-5/93).

Arenas, Alberto. "Education & nationalism in East Timor," Social Justice 25,2 (sum 98):121-39.

Barsamian, David. "East Timor: the tragedy continues," Z Magazine (7-8/92).

Belo, Carlos Filipe Ximenes. "Lecture given by the Nobel Peace Prize laureate, 1996," Indonesia 64 (10/97):153-60.

Black, Jan Knippers. "Independence for East Timor?" Z Magazine (7-8/02):26-29.

Brgel, Helga. "East Timor," Medicine & War (3-6/93).

Budiardjo, Carmel. "For fear of a showdown," New Internationalist (3/94):13-15. UN & East Timor.

Capizzi, Elaine; Hellen Hill & Dave Macey. "FRETILIN & the struggle for independence in East Timor," Race & Class 17 (1976):381-95.

Curtis, Mark. "Touting for terror," New Internationalist (3.94):20-22. East Timor repression & the British arms industry.

Dunn, James S. "The Dunn report on East Timor," Journal of Contemporary Asia (Stockholm) 7 (1977):409-17.

__________. "The darkest page," New Internationalist (3/94):14-25. Australian negligence of the genocide in East Timorl

Flanagan, Pat. "East Timor: the final solution?" Monthly Review 32,1 (5/80):41-46.

Freney, Denis. "FRETILIN: death & resurrection," Southeast Asia Chronicle 94 (1984):3-9.

Goodman, Amy. "Jose Ramos-Horta (interview)," Progressive (5/97).

Herman, Edward S. & David Peterson. "East Timor: from ‘humanitarian’ bombing to inhumane appeasement," Covert Action Quarterly 68 (fall-win 99):4-10.

Hertsgaard, Mark. "The secret life of Henry Kissinger," Nation (10/29/90).

Hitchens, Christopher. "East Timor’s years of living dangerously," Nation (3/2/98).

Jardine, Matthew. "Forgotten genocide," Progressive (12/92).

__________. "The secret sacrifices of East Timor," Christianity & Crisis 53,1 (2/1/93):16-19.

__________. "APEC, the U.S. & East Timor," Z Magazine (1/95):34-39.

__________. "The U.S.-Indonesia alliance against East Timor," Christian Science Monitor (1/14/97):18.

__________. "Scenes from East Timor," Progressive (11/99):17-19.

__________. "East Timor: up from ground zero," In These Times (10/16/00):12-14.

__________. "Days of infamy & memory," In These Times (1/21/02):10. On US complicity in Indonesian occupation.

Jolliffe, Jill. "East Timor: Jakarta’s hard men march on Timor’s revolution," International Working Group on Indigenous Affairs, Newsletter 37 (5/84):57-59.

Kohen, Arnold S. "U.S. diplomacy & human rights: the cruel case of Indonesia," Nation (11/26/77).

__________ & Roberta A. Quance. "The politics of starvation," Inquiry (San Francisco) (2/18/80):18-22.

__________. "Invitation to a massacre in East Timor," Nation (2/7/81).

__________. "Muffled voices," Index on Censorship (London) (7-8/98):26-29

__________. "Making an issue of East Timor," Nation (2/10/92):162-63.

Kondracke, Morton M. "Asia’s other Cambodia," New Republic (11/3/79):12-16.

Lane, Max. "Culture of contempt," New Internationalist (3/94):8-9. Indonesian rule in East Timor.

Lawless, Robert. "Indonesian take-over of East Timor," Asian Survey (Berkeley) 16 (1976):948-64.

Leiter, Michael. "Indonesia & the incorporation of East Timor," World Today (London) (9/76):347-54.

Levey, Robert. "Cables show U.S. watched as E. Timor was invaded," Boston Globe (12/22/80).

Lewis, Anthony. "No blind eye: U.S. must lead on East Timor," NY Times (25 nov 1996).

Liddle, R. William. "Human rights & East Timor," Indonesia 59 (4/95):101-6.

Nairn, Alan. "Indonesia’s Killers," Nation (3/30/98).

__________. "U.S. complicity in East Timor," Nation (9/27/99).

__________. "Out of East Timor," Nation (10/11/99):4-5.

Nathanson, Scott. "East Timor: an ecological disaster waiting to happen," Earth Island Journal 13,2 (spr 1998).

Nichterlein, Sue. "The struggle for East Timor: prelude to invasion," Journal of Contemporary Asia (Stockholm) 7 (1977):486-96.

Phillips, David. "Freeing East Timor," Nation (10/10/98):8-11.

Pilger, John. "East Timor: a land of crosses," New Internationalist (3/94):4-7.

__________. "Messages from a Jakarta prison [interview with Xanana Gusmão]," Nation (12/25/95):820-24.

Ramos-Horta, Jose. "East Timor: the resistance is stronger than ever," International Working Group on Indigenous Affairs, Newsletter 46 (7/86):39-54.

__________. "The political economy of the occupation of East Timor," Multinational Monitor (4/97):16-18.

__________. "Nobel Peace Prize lecture, 1996," Indonesia 64 (10/97):161-75.

Ranck, Stephen. "Regional understanding: the case of East Timor," Geography Bulletin (Sydney) 2,1 (mar 1979):18-30.

Rubin, Barnett et al. "Tragedy in East Timor: a round-table discussion," Camões Center Quarterly 4,3-4 (win 1992-93):12-28.

Saunders, Joe. "Justice for East Timor," Nation (9/18/00):5-6.

Suter, Keith. "The conquest of East Timor," Contemporary Review (London) (4/78):134-41.

__________. "The Timor Gap: oil in troubled waters," Inside Indonesia 17 (12/88).

Tanter, Richard. "The military situation in East Timor," Pacific Research 8,2 (1977):1-6.

Weatherbee, Donald E. "The Indonesianization of East Timor," Contemporary Southeast Asia (Singapore) 3,1 (jun 1981):1-23.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Aarons, Mark & Robert Domm. East Timor: A Western-Made Tragedy (London: Left Book Club, 1992).

Aditjondro, George J. In the Shadow of Mount Ramelau: The Impact of the Indonesian Occupation of East Timor (Leiden, 1994).

Amnesty International. East Timor. Violations of Human Rights (London, 1985).

__________. Women in Indonesia & East Timor: Standing against Repression (NY, 1995).

Aubrey, Jim (ed.) Free East Timor: Australia’s Culpability in East Timor’s Genocide (Milsons Point NSW, 1998).

Benjamin, Medea; Josh Lee, John Roosa & Stephen Zunes. The Struggle for Democracy in Indonesia & East Timor. A Report on the May 1997 Parliamentary Elections & Prospects for Democracy (San Francisco, 1997).

Budiarjo, Carmen & Liem Soei Liong. The War Against East Timor (London, 1984).

Cardoso, Luís. The Crossing: A Story of East Timor (Crónica de uma travessia: a época do Ai-Dik-Funam) [1997] (trans. Margaret Jull Costa; London: Granta, 2000). Poignant memoir of boyhood, adolescence& education in late colonial times, exile in Lisbon after Indonesian invasion. Introduces several leading personalities of recent history as students & young men.

Carey, Peter & G. Carter Bentley (eds.) East Timor at the Crossroads: The Forging of a Nation (Honolulu, 1995).

Catholic Institute for International Relations. East Timor (London, 1985).

__________. "I Am Timorese": Testimonies from East Timor (London, 1990).

Chomsky, Noam. Power & Prospects: Reflections on Human Nature & the Social Order (Boston, 1996), chaps. 8 & 9.

Cox, Steve & Peter Carey. Generations of Resistance. East Timor (London, 1995).

Crowe, Louise & Jack de Groot (eds.) The Church & East Timor (Melbourne, 1993).

Cultural Survival, Inc. East Timor: Five Years After the Indonesian Invasion (Petersborough NH, 1981).

Defert, Gabriel. Le Genocide Oublie (Paris? 199?).

Dunn, James. Timor: A People Betrayed (Milton, QLD, 1983).

Freney, Denis. A Map of Days: Life on the Left (Melbourne, 1991), chaps. 18 & 19.

Gunn, Geoffrey C. East Timor & the UN: The Case for Intervention (Lawrenceville NJ, 1997).

__________. New World Hegemony in the Malay World (Lawrenceville NJ: Red Sea, 2000).

Hainsworth, Paul & Steve McCloskey (eds.) The East Timor Question: The Struggle for Independence from Indonesia (London, 2000).

Hiorth, Finngeir. Timor, Past & Present (St. Lucia, QLD, 1985).

Hitchens, Christopher. The Trial of Henry Kissinger (NY: Verso, 2001), esp. chap. 8. Develops strong case that his actions during Vietnam War & later (& in particular support for 1975 Indonesian invasion of East Timor) qualify him for prosecution as a war criminal.

Inbaraj, Sonny. East Timor: Blood & Tears in ASEAN (Chiang Mai [Thailand]: Silkworm Books, 1997).

Jardine, Matthew. East Timor: Genocide in Paradise (

Jolliffe, Jill. East Timor: Nationalism & Colonialism (St. Lucia, QLD, 1978).

Kohen, Arnold S.& John Taylor. An Act of Genocide: Indonesia’s Invasion of East Timor (London, 1979).

__________. From the Place of the Dead. The Epic Struggles of Bishop Belo of East Timor (NY, 1999).

Krieger, Heike. East Timor & the International Community: Basic Documents (Cambridge, 1997).

Leite, Jose Pinto (ed.) The East Timor Problem & the Role of Europe (Lisbon, 1998).

Lewis, Norman. An Empire of the East. Travels in Indonesia (NY, 1993), chaps. 7-11.

Nicol, Bill. Timor: The Stillborn Nation (Melbourne, 1978).

O’Shaughnessy, Hugh. East Timor, Getting Away with Murder? (London, 1994).

Pilger, John. Distant Voices (London, 1994).

Pinto, Constancio & Matthew Jardine. East Timor’s Unfinished Struggle. Inside the Timorese Resistance. A Testimony (Boston, 1997).

__________. Funu: The Unfinished Saga of East Timor (Trenton NJ, 1987).

Retboll, Torben (ed.) East Timor, Indonesia & the Western Democracies (Copenhagen, 1980).

__________. (ed.) East Timor: The Struggle Continues (Copenhagen, 1984).

Roff, Sue Rabbitt. Timor’s Anschluss. Indonesian & Australian Policy in East Timor, 1974-76 (Lewiston NY, 1992).

Sissons, Miranda E. From One Day to Antoher: Violations of Women’s Reproductive & Sexual Rights in East Timor (Fitzroy, VI, 1997).

Suter, Keith. West Irian, East Timor & Indonesia (London, 1979).

__________. East Timor & West Irian (London, 1982).

Taylor, John G. The Indonesian Occupation of East Timor, 1974-1989. A Chronology (London, 1990).

__________. Indonesia’s Forgotten War: The Hidden History of East Timor (London, 1991).

Turner, Michelle (ed.) Telling: East Timor Personal Testimonies, 1942-1992 (Kensington NSW, 1992).

In the Library: Fiction

Lee, Mark. The Canal House (Chapel Hill NC: Algonquin, 2003).

Mo, Timothy. The Redundancy of Courage (London, 1992). Novel of resistance to Indonesian invasion.

In the Library: For Young Readers

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Drama

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio

Film & Video

"Punitive Damage" [1998?], dir. Annie Goldson, ?m. From First Run/Icarus. Story as retold by his mother of Australian university student Kamal Bamadhaj of the East Timor solidarity movement, who was murdered by Indonesian soldiers during the Dili massacre of 11/12/9. Graphic portrayal of Indonesian repression, & of the war crimes of Gen. Panjaitan, who ordered the massacre.

Monterey Bay Educators Against War
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