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Jim Crow

(see also White Racism, Lynching, Group Defamation, African American Movements, Civil Rights Movement, African American History, Life & Values to 1968)

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On the Web: Articles

Remembering Jim Crow. Stephen Smith, Kate Ellis & Sasha Asanian. American Radio Works [text & audio] (11/01). Blacks & Whites recall life in days of legal segregation & disenfranchisement.

On the Web: Specialized Sites

In the Library: Articles

Kelley, Robin D.G. "'We are not what we seem': Rethinking Black working-class opposition in the Jim Crow South," Journal of American History (6/93):75-112.

Lichtenstein, Alex. "Chain gangs, Communism & the 'Negro Question': John Spivak's Georgie Nigger," Georgia Historical Quarterly 79 (fall 95):633-58.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Aicardi de Saint-Paul, Marc. Segregation et apartheid: le contexte historique et ideologique (Paris: Albatros, 1979).

Avra, Walter D. Segregation, Integration & the Constitution (NY: Vantage, 1964).

Blossom, Virgil T. It Has Happened Here (NY: Harper, 1959). School segregation in Arkansas.

Carter, Dan T. Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South [1969] (rev. ed.; Baton Rouge: Louisiana State U., 1991).

Chafe, William; Raymond Gavins, Robert Korstad & Paul Ortiz (eds.) Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell about Life in the Segregated South (NY: New Press, 2001).

Conrad, Earl. Jim Crow America (NY: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1947).

Davis, Allison; Burleigh B. Gardner & Mary R. Gardner. Deep South: A Social Anthropological Study of Caste & Class (Chicago: U. of Chicago, 1941; abridged ed. 1965). Classic account of white society & racial attitudes in Mississippi before the Civil Rights movement.

Dees, Jesse Walter Jr. & James S. Hadley. Jim Crow (Ann Arbor, 1951; repr. Westport CT: Negro Universities, 1970).

Fairbank, Walter. Jim Crow (London: Gollancz, 1947).

Fremon, David K. The Jim Crow Laws & Racism in American History (Berkeley Hts. NJ: Enslow, 2000).

Goodman, James. Stories of Scottsboro (NY: Pantheon, 1994).

Griffin, John Howard. Black Like Me (NY: New American Library, 1961).

Harris, William J. Deep Souths: Delta, Piedmont, & Sea Island Society in the Age of Segregation (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 2003).

Honey, Michael Keith. Black Workers Remember: An Oral History of Segregation, Unionism, & the Freedom Struggle (Berkeley: U. California, 1999).

Hughes, Langston. Jim Crow's Last Stand (NY: Negro Publication Society, 1943).

Johnson, Charles S. Patterns of Negro Segregation (4th ed.; NY: Harper, 1943).

Jones, Claudia. Jim Crow in Uniform (NY: New Age, 1940).

Kardiner, Abram & Lionel Ovesey. The Mark of Oppression: A Psychosocial Study of the American Negro (NY: Norton, 1951).

Kennedy, Stetson. Jim Crow Guide to the U.S.A.: the laws, customs & etiquette governing the conduct of nonwhites and other minorities as second-class citizens (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1959; repr. as Jim Crow Guide: The Way it Was (Boca Raton FL: Atlantic University, 1990).

King, Desmond. Separate & Unequal: Black Americans & the US Federal Government (NY: Oxford, 1995).

Labbe, Dolores Egger. Jim Crow Comes to Church: The Establishment of Segregated Catholic Parishes in South Louisiana (NY: Arno, 1978).

Levy, Leonard W. Jim Crow in Boston: The Origin of the Separate but Equal Doctrine (NY: Da Capo, 1974).

Litwack, Leon F. Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners in the Age of Jim Crow (NY: Knopf, 1998).

Martin, John Bartlow. The Deep South Says "Never!" (NY: Ballantine, 1957).

Maston, T.B. Segregation & Desegregation: A Christian Approach (NY: Macmillan, 1959).

McDonald, Laughlin. A Voting Rights Odyssey: Black Enfranchisement in Georgia (NY: Cambridge, 2003).

McMillen, Neil R. Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim Crow (Urbana: U. of Illinoiw, 1989).

Moreland, Lois B. White Racism & the Law (Columbus OH: Merrill, 1970).

Nash, Sunny. Bigmama Didn't Shop at Woolworth's (College Station: Texas A&M, 1996).

Newby, I.A. Jim Crow's Defense. Anti-Negro Thought in America, 1900-1930 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State U., 1965).

Oshinsky, David. Worse than Slavery: Parchman Farm & the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice (NY: Free Press, 1996).

Painter, Nell Irvin. Southern History Across the Color Line (Chapel Hill: U. North Carolina, 2002).

Patterson, William L. (ed.) We Charge Genocide: The Crime of Government Against the Negro People (NY: International, 1970).

Polednak, Anthony P. Segregation, Poverty & Mortality in Urban African Americans (NY: Oxford, 1997).

Rabinowitz, Howard N. Race Relations in the Urban South, 1865-1890 (NY: Oxford, 1978).

Rowan, Carl. South of Freedom (NY: Knopf, 1952).

Shaw, Stephanie J. What a Woman Ought to Be & Do: Black Professional Women Workers during the Jim Crow Era (Chicago: U. Chicago, 1996).

Sternsher, Bernard (ed.). The Negro in Depression & War. Prelude to Revolution, 1930-1945 (Chicago, 1970).

Thomas, Brook. Plessy V. Ferguson: A Brief History with Documents (NY: Bedford, 1997).

Thurman, Howard. The Luminous Darkness: A Personal Interpretation of the Anatomy of Segregation & the Ground of Hope (NY: Harper & Row, 1965).

Tilson, Everett. Segregation & the Bible (NY: Abingdon, 1958).

Warren, Robert Penn. Segregation, the Inner Conflict in the South [1956] (Athens: U. Georgia, 1994).

Weinstein, Allen & Frank Otto Gatell. The Segregation Era, 1863-1954: A Modern Reader (NY: Oxford, 1970).

Wilson, Ruth Danenhower. Jim Crow Joins Up: A Study of Negroes in the Armed Forces of the US (NY: W.J. Clark, 1944).

Windsor, Rudolph R. The Valley of the Dry Bones: The Conditions that Face Black People in the US Today (Philadelphia: Windsor's Golden Series, 1986).

Woodward, C. Vann. The Strange Career of Jim Crow [1958] (NY: Oxford, 1966).

Wormser, Richard. The Rise & Fall of Jim Crow (NY: St. Martin's, 2003).

In the Library: Fiction

Attaway, William. Blood on the Forge (NY: Monthly Review, 199?). Novel of brothers forced by racism to leave the South for Pittsburgh steel mills in 1920's.

Taylor, Mildred D. Mississippi Bridge (NY: Penguin, 1990).

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio:

Film & Video:

"A Lesson Before Dying" [1999], dir. Joseph Sargent, 101m. In video stores.

"The Rise & Fall of Jim Crow" [2002], dir. Bill Jersey, 56m. From California Newsreel.

"Nothing But a Man" [1964], dir. Robert M. Young, 95m.

"Rosewood" [1997], dir. John Singleton, 140m. In video stores. 1923 massacre of Black people in a Florida town.

"Segregation, Northen Style" [2000], CBS News Special Report. From Films for the Humanities & Sciences.

"Segregation" [1996], Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Site video No. 3.


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