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(see also Ethnicity, Patriotism & Zionism)

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Most often born in hopeful struggles for freedom & sovereignty against foreign rule, nationalism in the 20th century has tended to legitimize state power, however brutal & undemocratic. As a result, the lives & well-being of hundreds of millions of people have been sacrificed in its name. Today people everywhere are learning to think beyond nationalism & the nation state, & to confirm & exercise other identities -- of place & community, of gender, of ideological orientation, & of solidarity with the human race as a whole.

On the Web: Articles

On the Web: Specialized Sites

In the Library: Articles

Fletcher, Ian Christopher & Anton Rosenthal. "Third World nationalism & revolution," Radical History Review 68 (spr 1997):144-53.

Gallagher, John. "Nationalisms & the crisis of empire, 1919-1922," Modern Asian Studies 15,3 (7/81):355-69.

Haas, Ernst B. "What is nationalism & why should we study it?" Io 40,3 (sum 1986):707-44.

Hobsbawm, Eric J. "Nation, state, ethnicity, religion: transformations of identity," in J.G. Beramendi (ed.) Nationalism in Europe: Past & Present (Santiago de Compostela, 1994).

Lazare, Daniel. "Pledging allegiance," Nation (3/20/06). Brilliant review essay on Todd Gitlin's The Intellectuals & the Flag, raising critical issues for general discussion of patriotism & nationalism in US.

Löwy, Michael. "Marxists & the national question," New Left Review 96 (3-4/76):81-100.

Segal, Daniel A. "Nationalism, comparatively speaking," Journal of Historical Sociology 1,3 (9/88).

Stearns, Peter N. "Nationalisms: an invitation to comparative analysis," Journal of World History 8,1 (spr 1997):57-74.

Waldron, kArthur N. "Theories of nationalism & historical explanation," World Politics 37 (4/87).

Wolf, Ken. "Hans Kohn's liberal nationalism: the historian as prophet," Journal of the History of Ideas 37,4 (10-12/76):651-72.

Worsley, Peter. "The three modes of nationalism," in D. Maybury-Lewis (ed.) The Prospects for Plural Societies: 1982 Proceedings of the American Ethnological Association (Washington, 1984), pp. 187-206.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Alter, Peter. Nationalism (2nd ed.; London: Arnold, 1994).

Anderson, Benedict O. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin & Spread of Nationalism [1983] (rev. ed.; NY: Verso, 1991).

Barbour, Stephen & Cathie Carmichael (eds.). Language & Nationalism in Europe (NY: Oxford, 2000).

Breuilly, John. Nationalism & the State [1982] (2nd ed.; Chicago: U. Chicago, 1994).

Chatterjee, Partha. Nationalist Thought & the Colonial World: A Derivative Discourse [1986] (Minneapolis: U. Minnesota, 1993).

Coulmas, Florian (ed.) With Forked Tongues: What are National Languages Good For? (Ann Arbor MI: Karoma, 1988).

Dahbour, Omar & Micheline R. Ishay. The Nationalism Reader (Atlantic Highlands NJ: Humanities, 1995).

Davis, Horace B. Nationalism & Socialism: Marxism & Labor Theories of Nationalism to 1917 (NY: Monthly Review, 1967).

__________. Towards a Marxist Theory of Nationalism (NY: Monthly Review, 1978).

Deutsch, Karl W. Nationalism & Social Communication: An Inquiry into the Foundations of Nationality (Cambridge MA: MIT, 1953).

Doob, Leonard W. Patriotism & Nationalism (New Haven: Yale, 1964).

Eley, Geoff & Ronald Grigor Suny (eds.) Becoming National: A Reader (NY: Oxford, 1996). Postmodernist perspectives.

Emerson, Rupert. From Empire to Nation: The Rise to Self-Assertion of Asian & African Peoples (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1960).

Geary, Patrick J. The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe (Princeton NJ: Princeton U., 2001).

Gellner, Ernest. Nations & Nationalism (Ithaca: Cornell, 1983).

__________. Nationalism & the Two Forms of Cohesion in Complex Societies (London: British Academy, 1983).

__________. Encounters with Nationalism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994).

__________. Nationalism (NY: NYU, 1997).

Hayes, Carleton J.H. Nationalism: A Religion (NY: Macmillan, 1960).

Hechter, Michael. Containing Nationalism (NY: Oxford, 2002).

Hobsbawm, Eric J. Nations & Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality (Cambridge, 1990).

Hutchinson, John & Anthony D. Smith (eds.) Nationalism (NY: Oxford, 1995). Excellent comprehensive reader, including classic & recent writings from Renan to Homi Babha.

__________ & Anthony D. Smith (eds.) Nationalism: Critical Concepts in Political Science (NY: Routledge, 2000).

Kamenka, Eugene (ed.) Nationalism: The Nature & Evolution of an Idea (NY: St. Martin's, 1976).

Kedourie, Elie. Nationalism [1960] (4th rev. ed.; Cambridge MA: Blackwell, 1993).

__________ (ed.) Nationalism in Asia & Africa (NY: World, 1970).

Kemilainen, Aira. Nationalism: Problems Concerning the Word, the Concept & Classification (Jyvaskyla: Jyvaskylan Kasvatusopillinen Korkeakoulu, 1964).

Kohn, Hans. Nationalism, Its Meaning & History (Princeton: Princeton, 1955).

__________. The Age of Nationalism: The First Era of Global History (NY: Harper, 1962).

Luxemburg, Rosa. The National Question: Selected Writings (ed. Horace B. Davis; NY: Monthly Review, 1976).

Minogue, Kenneth R. Nationalism (NY: Basic Books, 1967).

Muller, Johannes U. & Bo Strath (eds.) Nationalism & Modernity (Florence: European U. Institute, 1999).

Searle-White, Joshua. The Psychology of Nationalism (NY: Palgrave, 2001).

Seers, Dudley. The Political Economy of Nationalism (NY: Oxford, 1983).

Silvert, Kalman H. (ed.) Expectant Peoples: Nationalism & Development (NY: American Universities Field Staff, 1963).

Smith, Anthony D. (ed.) Nationalist Movements (NY: St. Martin's, 1977).

__________. Nationalism in the 20th C. (NY: NYU, 1979).

__________. State & Nation in the Third World: The Western State & African Nationalism (NY: St. Martin's, 1983).

__________. Theories of Nationalism [1971] (2nd e.d; NY: Holmes & Meier, 1983).

__________. The Ethnic Origins of Nations (NY: Blackwell, 1987).

__________. National Identity (Reno: U. Nevada, 1981).

__________ (ed.) Ethnicity & Nationalism (NY: E.J. Brill, 1992).

__________. Nations & Nationalism in a Global Era (Cambridge: Polity, 1995).

__________. Nationalism & Modernism: A Critical Survey of Recent Theories of Nations & Nationalism (London: Routledge, 1988).

__________. Myths & Memories of the Nation (NY: Oxford, 1999).

__________. The Nation in History: Historiographical Debates about Ethnicity & Nationalism (Hanover NH: University Press of New England, 2000).

__________. Nationalism: Theory, Ideology, History (Cambridge: Polity, 2001).

Snyder, Louis L. The New Nationalism (Ithaca: Cornell, 1968).

Talmon, J.L. The Myth of the Nation & the Vision of Revolution: The Origins of Ideological Polarization in the 20th C. (Berkeley: U. California, 1981).

Wiebe, Robert H. Who We Are: A History of Popular Nationalism (Princeton NJ: Princeton U., 2001).

In the Library: Fiction

In the Library: For Young Readers

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Drama

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio

Film & Video

"Eric Hobsbawm & Slovakian Nationalism" [1996], by ?, 54m. From Films for the Humanities & Sciences. Historian travels 35 miles on train from Vienna to Bratislava, recounting rise of Slovakia (paradigm for Eastern Europe), to argue that "nationalism is not compatible with progress of history."

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