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(see also Venezuela: Chávez Regime, Venezuela: Amazon Region, Colombia & Petroleum Trade)

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CIA World Factbook. Includes map.

New Internationalist Profile

UN Development Program, Human Development Indicators

World Guide

On the Web: Articles

On the Web: Specialized Sites

Ibermundo Venezuela.

WWW Virtual Library.

In the Library: Articles

Bigler, Gene & Franklin Tugwell. "Banking on oil in Venezuela," in Maguire & Brown (eds.) Bordering on Trouble (Bethesda MD, 1986), pp. 152-90.

Caesar, Mike. "Venezuela's new motto: power to the people," Christian Science Monitor (9/9/03):7,10.

Ellner, Steven. "Populism in Venezuela, 1935-48: Betancourt & Acción Democrática," in M. Conniff (ed.) Latin American Populism (Albuquerque, 1982), pp. 135-49.

__________. "The MAS party in Venezuela," Latin American Perspectives 13,2 (spr 1986):81-107.

__________. "Political party dynamics & the outbreak of guerrilla warfare in Venezuela," Inter-American Economic Affairs (fall 1980).

__________. "The non-Communist Venezuelan left in power, 1945-1948," in Bethell & Roxborough (eds.) Latin America from the Second World War to the Cold War (Cambridge, 1989)

Froehle, Bryan. "Pentecostals & evangelicals in Venezuela: consolidating gains, moving in new directions," in E.L. Cleary & H. Stewart-Gambino (eds.) Power, Politics & Pentecostals in Latin America (Boulder, 1997), pp. 201-26.

García Guadilla, María-Pilar. "Ecología: women, environment & politics in Venezuela," in S.A. Radcliffe & S. Westwood (eds.) "Viva": Women & Popular Protest in Latin America (London, 1993), pp. 65-87.

Harding, Timothy F. & Saul Landau. "Terrorism, guerrilla warfare & the Venezuelan Left," Studies on the Left 4,4 (1964).

Hellinger, Daniel. "Populism & nationalism in Venezuela: new perspectives on Acción Democrática," Latin American Perspectives 43 (fall 1984):33-59.

Lernoux, Penny. "Venezuela: on the petroleum merry-go-round," Nation (2/18/75):165-67.

Levine, Daniel H. "Democracy & the Church in Venezuela," Journal of Inter-American Studies & World Affairs 18,1 (feb 1976):3-24.

McCoy, Jennifer L. "Labor & the state in a party-mediated democracy: institutional change in Venezuela," Latin American Research Review 24,2 (1989):35-67.

Powell, John D. "Venezuelan agrarian problems in comparative perspective," Comparative Studies in Society & History 13,3 (1971):282-300.

Romero, Aníbal. "Rearranging the deck chairs on the Titanic: the agony of democracy in Venezuela," Latin American Research Review 32,1 (1997):7-36.

Smilde, David A. "El clamor por Venezuela: Latin American evangelicism as a collective action frame," in C. Smith & J. Prokopy (eds.) Latin American Religion in Motion (NY, 1999), pp. 125-46.

Wright, Eleanor Witte. "Food dependency & malnutrition in Venezuela, 1958-74," in Super & Wright (eds.) Food, Politics & Society in Latin America (Lincoln NE, 1985), pp. 150-73.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Alexander, Robert J. The Venezuelan Democratic Revolution : A Profile of the Regime of Rómulo Betancourt (New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers, 1964).

__________. The Communist Party of Venezuela (Stanford: Hoover Institution, 1969).

__________. Romulo Betancourt & the Transformation of Venezuela (New Brunswick NJ: Transaction, 1982).

__________. Venezuela's Voice for Democracy: Conversations & Correspondence with Romulo Betancourt (NY: Praeger, 1990).

Betancourt, Rómulo. Venezuela’s Oil (trans. Donald Peck; London: Allen & Unwin, 1978).

Berryman, Phillip. Religion in the Megacity: Catholic & Protestant Portraits from Latin America (Maryknoll NY: Orbis, 1996). São Paulo & Caracas.

Bravo, Douglas. Douglas Bravo Speaks: Interview with a Venezuelan Guerrilla Leader (NY: Pathfinder, 1970).

Coppedge, Michael. Strong Parties & Lame Ducks: Presidential Partyarchy & Factionalism in Venezuela (Stanford: Stanford, 1994).

Coronil, Fernando. The Magical State: Nature, Money, & Modernity in Venezuela (Chicago: U. Chicago, 1997).

Ellner, Steve. The Venezuelan Petroleum Corporation & the Debate over Government Policy in Basic Industry, 1960-1976 (Glasgow: U. of Glasgow Latin American Studies, 1987).

Ellner, Steve & Daniel Hellinger (eds.) Venezuelan Politics in the Chavez Era: Class, Polarization & Conflict (Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner, 2003).

__________. Venezuela’s Movimiento al Socialismo: From Guerrilla Defeat to Electoral Politics (Durham NC: Duke, 1988).

__________. Generational Identification & Political Fragmentation in Venezuelan Politics in the Late 1960s (Meadville PA: Allegheny College, 1989).

__________. Organized Labor in Venezuela, 1958-1991: Behavior & Concerns in a Democratic Setting (Wilmington DE: Scholarly Resources, 1993).

Friedman, Elisabeth J. Unfinished Transitions: Women & the Gendered Development of Democracy in Venezuela, 1936-1996 (University Park PA: Pennsylvania State, 2000).

García Ponce, Guillermo. El túnel de San Carlos (Caracas, 1968). Guerrilla movement of 1963-67.

Garrido, Alberto. Guerrilla y conspiración militar en Venezuela: testimonios de Douglas Bravo, William Izarra, Francisco Prado (Caracas: Fondo Editorial Nacional, 1999).

Gott, Richard. Guerrilla Movements in Latin America (NY: Anchor, 1972), chap. 2. Venezuelan guerrilla movements of 1960s.

Herman, Donald L. Christian Democracy in Venezuela (Chapel Hill: U. North Carolina, 1980).

Karl, Terry Lynn. Petroleum & Political Facts: The Transition to Democracy in Venezuela (Washington: Wilson Center, 1982).

__________. The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms & Petro-States (Berkeley: U. California, 1997).

Kornblith, Miriam & Daniel H. Levine. Venezuela: The Life & Times of the Party System (Notre Dame IN: Kellogg Institute for International Studies, 1993).

Levine, Daniel H. Conflict & Political Change in Venezuela (Princeton: Princeton, 1973).

__________. Religion & Politics in Latin America. The Catholic Church in Venezuela & Colombia (Princeton: Princeton, 1981).

__________. Popular Voices in Latin American Catholicism (Princeton: Princeton, 1992). Venezuela & Colombia.

Lieuwen, Edwin. Petroleum in Venezuela: A History (Berkeley: U. California, 1954).

Lombardi, John. Venezuela. The Search for Order, the Dream of Progress (NY: Oxford, 1982). Good comprehensive history text.

Martz, John D. & David J. Myers (eds.) Venezuela: The Democratic Experience (NY: Praeger, 1977).

Mújica, Felipe. La reflexión del MAS (Caracas: Polémica, 2000).

Muller Rojas, Alberto. Epoca de revolución en Venezuela (Caracas: Solar, 2001).

Petkoff, Teodoro. Del optimismo de la voluntad: escritos políticos (Caracas, 1987).

Powell, John Duncan. Political Mobilization of the Venezuelan Peasant (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1971).

Quintero, Rodolfo. Antropología del petroleo (México: Siglo XXI, 1972).

Ramírez Faría, Carlos. La democracia petrolera: de Rómulo Betancourt a Carlos Andrés Pérez (Caracas, 1978).

Sanz, Rodolfo. Constituyente: revolución y transición (Los Teques: Tercer Milenio, 2000).

St. Aubin de Terán, Lisa. The Hacienda: A Memoir (Boston: Little, Brown, 1997).

Sullivan, William M. Petroleum in Venezuela: A Bibliography (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1985).

Tugwell, Franklin. The Politics of Oil in Venezuela (Stanford: Stanford, 1975).

Yu, Pei-Lin. Hungry Lightning: Notes of a Woman Anthropologist in Venezuela (Albuquerque, 199?).

In the Library: Fiction

Chirinos, Orlando. Adios gente del sur (Caracas: Alfadil, 1990).

Koning, Christina. Undiscovered Country (NY: Viking, 1997). Immigrant life.

Kurusa. The Streets are Free (trans. Karen Englander: NY: Annick, 1995).

St. Aubin de Terán, Lisa. The Long Way Home (NY: Harper, 1983).

Torres, Ana Teresa. Doña Inés contra el olvido (Caracas: Monte Avila, 1992; English trans. Gregory Rabassa; Doña Inés vs. Oblivion: A Novel; Baton Rouge: Louisiana State, 1999).

In the Library: For Young Readers

Kurusa. The Streets are Free (Willowdale ON: Annick, 1995).

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Drama

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio

Film & Video

"Caracas amor a muerte" [2000], dir. Gustavo Adolfo Balza, ?m. Religion, machismo & medical science surround a pregnant teenager's decision about whether to undergo an abortion.

"Jump Over the Atlantic (Salto al Atlántico)" [1990], dir. María Eugenia Esparragoza, 30m. From Latin American Video Archives. Explores cultural influences of Congo on an Afro-Venezuelan village, & an encounter between contemporary black Venezuelans & Congolese.

"Little Thieves, Big Thieves (Cien años de perdón)" [1998], dir. Alejandro Saderman, 100m. From Latin American Video Archives. After a bank crisis, four middle-aged friends decide to rob the bank; but somebody's been there first!

"Mamá... I Have Something to Tell You" [1996], dir. Calogero Salvo, 41m. From Cinema Guild. Gay exile goes home to "come out" to his mother.

"Oriana (Oriane)" [1991], dir. Fina Torres, 92m.

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