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(see also Turkey: Kurdistan)

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CIA World Factbook. Includes map.

New Internationalist Profile

UN Development Program, Human Development Indicators

World Guide

On the Web: Articles

Armenian Genocide Plagues Ankara 90 Years On. Bernhard Zandt, Der Spiegel (4/25/05).

Gala Exposes Tensions in Turkey. Philip Pan (Washington Post), San Jose Mercury (4/29/03).

US Offers Turkey Big Aid Package for Help in Iraq. Reuters (2/12/03), Truthout.

Some Progress for Turkish Women, NY Times (6/19/02).

US Bows to Turkey. Ian Urbina, Nation (11/12/01). When allies violate human rights, we turn a blind eye

On the Web: Specialized Sites

Al Bawaba: Middle East Gateway. Section for each country.

Central Asia/Caucasus Institute


Middle East Research & Information Project (Publishes MERIP Report, an indispensable source).

In the Library: Articles

Arat, Yesim. "On gender & citizenship in Turkey," Middle East Report 198

Constantinides, S. "Turkey: the emergence of a new foreign policy. The neo-Ottoman imperial model," Journal of Political & Military Sociology 24,2 (win 96):323-34.

Cornell, S.E. "Turkey: return to stability?" Middle Eastern Studies 35,4 (10/99):209-34.

deBellaigue, C. "Turkey: into the abyss?" Washington Quarterly 21,3 (sum 98):137-48.

Engur, E. "Turkey determined to remain at the center of East-West energy corridor," Oil & Gas Journal 100,2 (1/14/02):60-6.

Karpat, Kemal. "Turkish relations with Central Asia," International Journal of Turkish Studies 6 (1996).

Kramer, H. "Turkey under Erbakan: continuity & change towards Islam," Aussen Politik 47,4 (1996):379-88.

Lombardi, B. "Turkey: the return of the reluctant generals?" Political Science Quarterly 112,2 (sum 97):191-215.

Makdisi, Ussama. "Ottoman orientalism," American Historical Review 197,3 (6/02):768-96. Background for Turkish attitudes towards Arab world.

Mango, A. "Turkey in winter," Middle Eastern Studies 31,3 (7/95):620-52.

__________. "Turkey: the urge to reform," Middle Eastern Studies 37,1 (1/01):195-224. Review article.

__________. "Turkey: a move to the South Atlantic?" Middle Eastern Studies 38,1 (38,1 (1/02):179-215.

Olson, R. "Turkey-Syria relations since the Gulf War: Kurds & water," Middle East Policy 5,2 (5/97):168-93.

__________. "Turkey-Iran relations, 1997-2000: the Kurdish & Islamist questions," Third World Quarterly 21,5 (10/00):871-90.

__________. "Turkey-Iran relations, 2000-2001: the Caspian, Azerbaijan & the Kurds," Middle East Policy 9,2 (6/002):111-29.

Onis, Z. "Turkey in the post-Cold War era: in search of identity," Middle East Journal 49,1 (win 95): 48-68.

Ozbudun, E. "Turkey: how far from consolidation?" Journal of Democracy 7,3 (7/96):123-38.

Pamir, P. "Turkey, the Transcaucasus & Central Asia," Security Dialogue 24,1 (8/93):49-54.

Philips, David L. "Don't send Turkish troops to Iraq," Christian Science Monitor (10/22/03):11.

Pope, Hugh. "Turgut Ozal: a Turk who broke the mould," Middle East Report
448 (4/16/93).

__________. "Pointing fingers at Iran," Middle East Report 443 (2/5/93).Turkey blames Iran for Islamist terrorists.

Remnick, David. "Letter from Istanbul: the experiment," New Yorker (11/18/02):50-55. Will Turkey be model for Islamic democracy?

Rouleau, E. "Turkey: beyond Ataturk," Foreign Affairs (sum 96):70-87.

Sayari, S. "Turkey & the Middle East in the 1990s," Journal of Palestine Studies 26,3 (spr 97):44-55.

Tank, P. "Turkey as a 'special case' for the EU: will the generals retreat from politics?" Security Dialogue 32,2 (6/01):217-30.

Tirman, John. "The Ankara-Jerusalem axis," Nation (1/4/99).

Urbina, Ian. "US bows to Turkey," Nation (11/12/01):6-7.

Waxman, D. "Turkey & Israel: a new balance of power in the Middle East," Washington Quarterly 22,1 (win 99):25-32.

Ziarati, Mohammed. "Turkish security policy after the Cold War," Middle
East Report
443 (2/5/93).

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Abadan-Unat, Nermin with Deniz Kandiyoti & Mubeccel B. Kiray (eds.) Women in Turkish Society (Leiden: Brill, 1981).

Akçam, Taner. From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism & the Armenian Genocide (London: Zed, 2004).

__________. A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide & the Question of Turkish Responsibility (NY: Metropolitan, 2006).

Altunis'ik, Meliha Benli & O'zlem Tu'r Kavli. Turkey: Challenges of Continuity & Change (NY: Routledge/Curzon, 2005).

Amnesty International. Turkey: A Policy of Denial (NY, 1995).

Armstrong, Harold C. Turkey & Syria Reborn: A Record of Two Years of Travel (London: John Lane, 1930).

__________. Gray Wolf: The Life of Kemal Ataturk (2nd ed.; NY:Capricorn, NY, 1961).

Balcan, Nesecan & Sugar Savran (eds.) The Ravages of Neo-Liberalism: Economy, Society & Gender in Turkey (NY: Nova Science, 2002).

Bilen, Ozden. Turkey & Water Issues in the Middle East (Ankara: Southeastern Anatolia Project, 1997).

Chircop, Aldo; Andre Gerolymatos & John O. Iatrides (eds.) The Aegean Sea after the Cold War: Security & Law of the Sea Issues (NY: St. Martin's, 2000).

Cornell, Erik. Turkey in the 21st Century: Opportunities, Challenges, Threats (Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2001).

Davis, Leslie A. The Slaughterhouse Province: An American Diplomat's Report on the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1917 (ed. Susan K. Blair; New Rochelle, NY: Aristide Caratzas, 1989).

Derogy, Jacques. Resistance & Revenge: The Armenian Assassinations of the Turkish Leaders Responsible for the 1915 Massacres and Deportations (New Brunswick NJ: Transaction, 1990).

Eren, Nuri. Turkey Today & Tomorrow: An Experiment in Westernization (NY: Praeger, 1963).

Fuller, Graham E. & Ian O. Lesser et al. Turkey's New Geopolitics. From the Balkans to Western China (Boulder: Westview, 1993).

__________. Turkey Faces East: New Orientations towards the Middle East & the Old Soviet Union (Santa Monica: Rand Corp-, 1992).

Glazebrook, Philip. Journey to Kars (NY: Atheneum, 1984).

Hotham, David. The Turks (London: J. Murray, 1972).

Howe, Marvine. Turkey Today: A Nation Divided over Islam's Revival (Boulder: Westview, 2000).

Jung, Dietrich & Wolfango Piccoli. Turkey at the Crossroads: Ottoman Legacies & a Greater Middle East (NY: Zed, 2001).

Kandiyoti, Deniz & Ayse Saktanber (eds.) Fragments of Culture: The Everyday of Modern Turkey (NY: I.B. Tauris, 2002).

Karpat, Kemal H. Turkey's Politics: The Transition to a Multi-Party System (Princeton NJ: Princeton, 1959).

__________. Social Change & Politics in Turkey: A Structural-Historical Analysis (Leiden: Brill, 1973).

__________ & Others. Turkey's Foreign Policy in Transition, 1950-1974 (Leiden: Brill, 1975).

__________. The Gecekondu: Rural Migration & Urbanization in Turkey (NY: Cambridge, 1976).

__________ (ed.) Turkish Foreign Policy: Recent Developments (Madison, 1996).

__________ (ed.) Otttoman Past & Today's Turkey (Leiden: Brill, 2000).

__________. The Politicization of Islam: Reconstructing Identity, State, Faith & Community in the Late Ottoman State (NY: Oxford, 2001).

__________. Studies on Turkey's Politics & Society: Selected Articles & Essays (Boston: Brill, 2004).

Kedourie, Sylvia (ed.) Turkey: Identity, Democracy, Politics (London: Frank Cass, 1996).

__________ (ed.) Seventy-Five Years of the Turkish Republic (London: Frank Cass, 2000).

Kinross, Patrick. Atatürk: The Rebirth of a Nation [1964] (London: Phoenix Grant, 1995).

Lewis, Bernard. The Emergence of Modern Turkey (NY: Oxford, 2001).

Linke, Lilo. Allah Dethroned (NY: Knopf, 1937).

Mango, Andrew. Turkey (London: Thames & Hudson, 1968).

__________. Discovering Turkey (London: Batsford, 1971).

__________. Turkey: A Delicately Poised Ally (Beverly Hills CA: Sage, 1975).

__________. Turkey: The Challenge of a New Role (Westport CT: Praeger, 1994).

__________. Ataturk (London: John Murray, 1999).

Mastny, Vojtech. Turkey Between East & West. New Challenges for a Rising Regional Power (Boulder: Westview, 1997).

Nachmani, Amikam. Israel, Turkey, & Greece: Uneasy Relations in the East Mediterranean (Totowa NJ: Frank Cass, 1987).

__________. Turkey & the Middle East (Ramat Gan, Israel: Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, 1999).

Newman, Bernard. Turkish Crossroads (London: Hale, 1951).

Olson, R. Turkey's Relations with Iran, Syria, Israel & Russia, 1991-2000: The Kurdish & Islamist Questions (Costa Mesa CA: Mazda, 2001).

Orga, Irfan. Portrait of a Turkish Family (NY: Macmillan, 1950).

Parla, Taha & Andrew Davison. Corporatist Ideology in Kemalist Turkey: Progress or Order? (Syracuse NY: Syracuse U., 2004).

Pope, Nicole & Hugh Pope. Turkey Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey (Woodstock NY: Overlook, 1998).

Quataert, Donald & Erik Jan Zurcher (eds.) Workers & the Working Class in the Ottoman Empire & the Turkish Republic, 1839-1950 (NY: Tauris Academic Studies, 1995).

Robins, Philip. Turkey & the Middle East (

Ron, James.Weapons Transfers & Violations of the Laws of War in Turkey (NY: Human Rights Watch, 1995).

Rubin, Barnett & Kemal Kirisci (eds.) Turkey in World Politics: An Emerging Multiregional Power (Boulder: Lynne Reinner, 2001).

Seal, Jeremy. A Fez of the Heart: Travels Around Turkey in Search of a Hat (NY: Harcourt Brce, 1995).

Settle, Mary Lee. Turkish Reflections: A Biography of a Place (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1992).

Sezer, Duygu Bazoglu. State & Society in Turkey: Continuity & Change? (Santa Monica CA: Rand, 1993).

Shaw, Stanford J. History of the Ottoman Empire & Modern Turkey (2 vols.; NY: Cambridge, 1976-77).

__________. Turkey & the Holocaust: Turkey's Role in Rescuing Turkish & European Jewry from Nazi Persecution, 1933-1945 (NY: NYU, 1993).

__________. From Empire to Republic: The Turkish War of National Libereation, 1918-1923: A Documentary Study (Ankara: Turk Tarih Kurumo Basimevi, 2000).

Waxman, Dov. Turkey's Identity Crises: Domestic Discord & Foreign Policy (Leamington Spa, Warwickshire: Research Institute for the Study of Conflict & Terrorism, 1998).

Whitman, Lois. Broken Promises: Torture & Killings Continue in Turkey (NY: Human Rights Watch, 1992).

Wilkens, Katherine A. Turkey Today: Troubled Ally's Search for Identity (NY: Foreign Policy Association, 1998).

Zurcher, Erik Jan. Political Opposition in the Early Turkish Republic: The Progressive Republican Party, 1924-1925 (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1991).

__________. Turkey: A Modern History (rev. ed.; NY: I.B. Tauris, 1998).

In the Library: Fiction

Agaoglu, Adalet. Curfew (trans. John Goulden; Austin: U. of Texas, 1997).

Ali, Tariq. The Stone Woman (NY: Verso, 2000).

Croutier, Alev Lytle. Seven Houses: A Novel (NY: Atria, 2002).

De Bernieres, Louis. Birds Without Wings (NY: Knopf, 2004).

Grangé, Jean-Christophe. Empire of the Wolves: A Novel (trans. Ian Monk; NY: Ecco, 2004).

Hacikyan, Agop Jack. A Summer Without Dawn (trans. Christina Le Vernoy & Joyce Bailey; London: Saqi, 2000). Armenian massacres of 1915-1923.

Hill, Tobias. The Love of Stones (NY: Picador, 2001).

Karasu, Bilge. Night: A Novel (trans Güneli Gün; Baton Rouge: Louisiana State U., 1994).

Karnezis, Panos. The Maze (London: Jonathan Cape, 2004). Greco-Turkish War, 1921-22.

Kazan, Elia. Beyond the Aegean (NY: Knopf, 1994). Greco-Turkish War, 1921-22.

Kazan, Frances. Halide's Gift: A Novel (NY: Random House, 2002).

Kemal, Yasar. Memed My Hawk (trans. Edouard Roditi; NY: Pantheon, 1961).

__________. The Wind from the Plain: Novel from Turkey (Lahore: Afro-Asian Book Club, 1966).

__________. Anatolian Tales (trans. Thilda Kemal; NY: Dodd, Mead, 1969).

__________. They Burn the Thistles (trans. Margaret Platon; London: Collins, 1973).

__________. The Undying Grass (trans. Thilda Kemal; NY: W. Morrow, 1978).

__________. Iron Earth, Copper Sky (trans. Thilda Kemal; NY: W. Morrow, 1979).

__________. Murder in the Ironsmiths Market (trans. Thilda Kemal; London: Collins, 1979).

__________. Seagull (trans. Thilda Kemal; NY: Pantheon, 1981).

__________. The Sea-Crossed Fisherman (trans. Thilda Kemal; NY: Braziller, 1985).

__________. The Birds Have Also Gone (trans. Thilda Kemal; London: Collins Harvill, 1987).

__________. To Crush the Serpent (trans. Thilda Kemal; KibdibL Harvill, 1991).

__________. Salman the Solitary (trans. Thilda Kemal; London: Harvill, 1997).

Nesin, Aziz. Turkish Stories from Four Decades (Washington: Three Continents, 1991).

Pamuk, Orhan. The White Castle (NY, 199?). Late 16th century, when once-indomitable Ottoman forces began yielding ground to West.

__________. The New Life (trans. Güneli Gün; NY: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1997).

__________. My Name is Red (NY: Knopf, 2001). 16th-c. Istanbul.

__________. Snow (trans. Maureen Freely; London: Faber & Faber, 2004).

Reddy, Nilufer Mizanoglu (trans. & ed.) Short Stories by Turkish Women Writers (Bloomington: Indiana U., 1994).

Settle, Mary Lee. Blood Tie (NY: Houghton Mifflin, 1977). Class & small-town politics on southwest coast.

Shafak, Elif. The Flea Palace (trans. Müge Göçek; NY: Marion Boyars, 2004).

Tekin, Latife. Berji Kristin: Tales from the Garbage Hills, A Novel (trans. Ruth Christie & Saliha Paker; NY: Marion Boyars, 1996).

__________. Dear Shameless Death (trans. Saliha Paker & Mel Kenne; NY: Marion Boyars, 2001).

Werfel, Franz. The Forty Days of Musa Dagh [1934] (NY: Carroll & Graf, 2002). 1918-23 revolution.

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: For Young Readers

Benforado, Sally. Bring Me a Story (Oakland CA: Floricanto, 1986). Sephardic Jews in Turkey.

Farhi, Moris. Young Turk (London: Saqi, 2004).

Hiçyilmaz, Gaye. Against the Storm (Boston: Little, Brown, 1992). Village boy, 12, struggles to survive in Ankara.

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio:

Film & Video:

"Atatürk: Founder of Modern Turkey" [1999], dir. Tarquin Olivier, 52m.

"Away from Home" [2001], dir. Semi Kaplanoglu, 110m.

"Block C" [1994], Zeki Demirkubuz, ?m. Loneliness of life in Istanbul high-rise apartments.

"Distant (Uzak)" [2002], dir. Nuri Bilge Ceylan, 110m.

"Gallipoli" [1981], dir. Peter Weir, 110m. In video stores. Critical battle of World War I.

"Midnight Express" [1978], dir. Alan Parker, 121m. In video stores. Young American brutalized in Turkish prison after having been caught smuggling drugs.

"A Run for Money" [2000], dir. Reha Erdem, 100m.

"Topkapi" [1964], dir. Jules Dassin, 119m. In video stores.

"The Wall"

"Yol" [1982], dir. Serif Goren, 111 m. Incisive account of convict's return home while on "leave" from prison.

Monterey Bay Educators Against War
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