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Spain: Civil War

(see also Spain, Spain: Basque Country & American Radicalism)

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Between 1936 & 1939, backed by German & Italian Fascists, a military uprising led by Gen. Francisco Franco fought successfully to overthrow the democratically elected government of the Spanish Republic (backed by the Soviet Union). A million Spaniards & international volunteers died in a war made especially brutal by ideological conviction on both sides, while the Western democracies -- reluctant then to take a stand against fascism -- stood by. Franco then governed Spain as a ruthless dictator, with American & European acquiescence, until his death in 1976.

On the Web: Articles

On the Web: Specialized Sites

Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives.

In the Library: Articles

Carr, Raymond. "Spain & the communists," NY Review (4/10/03):62-68.

Claudin, Fernando. "Spain -- the untimely revolution," New Left Review 74 (7-8/72):3-34.

Jackson, Gabriel. "The Azaña regime in perspective (Spain 1931-33)," American Historical Review 64 (1958-9):282-300.

Navarro, Vicente. "Fascism & antifascism: yesterday & today," Monthly Review 47,8 (1/96):14-29.

Orwell, George. "Looking back on the Spanish War," in his Collected Essays (NY, 1954), pp. 193-215.

Vilanova, Mercedes. "Anarchism, political participation & illiteracy in Barcelona betw. 1934 & 1936" American Historical Review 97,1 (2/92):96-120.

Wood, Ellen Meiksins. "Kosovo & the new imperialism," Monthly Review 51,2 (6/99):1-8.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Alexander, Robert J. Anarchists in the Spanish Civil War (London: Janus, 1999).

Alpert, Michael. A New International History of the Spanish Civil War (London, 1994).

Bailey, Bill. The Kid From Hoboken: An Autobiography (SF: Circus Lithographic, 1993).

Balfour, Sebastian. Deadly Embrace: Morocco & the Road to the Spanish Civil War (NY: Oxford, 2002).

Ben-Ami, Shlomo. Fascism from Above: The Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Spain, 1923-1930 (NY: Oxford, 1983).

Bolloten, Burnett. The Spanish Civil War: Revolution & Counter-Revolution (Chapel Hill, 1994).

Borkenau, Franz. The Spanish Cockpit (NY, 1937; repr. NY, 1963).

Boyd, Carolyn P. Historia Patria. Politics, History & National Identity in Spain, 1975-1975 (Princeton, 1997).

Brome, Vincent. The International Brigades (NY, 1966).

Broué, Pierre. Trotsky y la Guerra Civil Española (Buenos Aires: Alvarez, 1966).

__________& Emile Témime. The Revolution & the Civil War in Spain [Paris, 1961] (Chicago: Haymarket, 2008).

Buchanan, Tom. Britain & the Spanish Civil War (NY, 1997).

Carr, E.H. The Comintern & the Spanish Civil War (London, 1984).

Christian, William A. Jr. Visionaries: The Spanish Republic & the Reign of Christ (Berkeley, 1996).

Collier, George A. Socialists of Rural Andalusia: Unacknowledged Revolutionaries of the Second Republic (Stanford, 1987).

Colodny, Robert G. The Struggle for Madrid: The Central Epic of the Spanish Conflict (1936-37) (New Brunswick NJ, 1958).

Cooper, Norman B. Catholicism & the Franco Regime (Beverly Hills, 1975).

Crusells, Magi. La Guerra Civil española: cine y propaganda (Barcelona, 2001).

Ellwood, Sheelagh. Spanish Fascism in the Franco Era (London, 1987).

Esenwein, George & Adrian Shubert. Spain at War: The Spanish Civil War in Context, 1931-1939 (NY, 1995).

Fisher, Harry. Comrades. Tales of a Brigadista in the Spanish Civil War (Lincoln, 1998).

Francis, Hywel. Miners Against Fascism: Wales & the Spanish Civil War (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1984).

Fraser, Ronald. Blood of Spain (NY, 1979). Stories of working people interviewed during last two years of Franco regime in 1970's.

Gómez Pérez, Rafael. Política y religión en el régimen de Franco (Barcelona, 1976).

Hopkins, James K. Into the Heart of the Fire. The British in the Spanish Civil War (Stanford, 1999).

Iglesias, Ignacio. Leon Trotsky y España, 1930-1939 (Madrid: Jucar, 1979).

Jackson, Gabriel. The Spanish Republic & the Civil War: 1931-1939 (Princeton, 1965).

Katz, William Loren. The Lincoln Brigade: A Picture History (NY: Atheneum, 1989).

Kern, Robert. Red Years/Black Years: A Political History of Spanish Anarchism, 1911-1937 (?, 1977).

Lannon, Frances. Privilege, Persecution & Prophecy: The Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975 (NY, 1987).

Little, Douglas. Malevolent Neutrality: The US, Great Britain & the Origins of the Spanish Civil War (Ithaca, 1989).

López, P. A Guerrilla Diary of the Spanish Civil War (London, 1972).

MacMaster, Neil. Spanish Fighters. An Oral History of War & Exile (NY, 1991). Two Asturian peasants and the anti-Franco resistance.

Mangini, Shirley. Memories of Resistance: Women's Voices from the Spanish Civil War (New Haven, 1995).

Matthews, Herbert L. The Yoke & the Arrows (NY, 1961).

Morcillo, Aurora G. True Catholic Womanhood. Gender Ideology in Franco's Spain (DeKalb IL, 1999).

Nelson, Cary & Jefferson Hendricks (eds.) Madrid 1937. Letters of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade from the Spanish Civil War (NY, 1996).

Orwell, George. Homage to Catalonia (London, 1938).

Payne, Robert (ed.) The Civil War in Spain. History in the Making, 1936-1939 (NY, 1962).

Payne, Stanley G. Falange: A History of Spanish Fascism (Stanford, 1961).

Preston, Paul & Ann L. Makenzie (eds.) The Republic Besieged: Civil War in Spain, 1936-1939 (Edinburgh, 1996).

Radosh, Ronald & Mary R. Habeck, Grigory Sevostianov (eds.) Spain Betrayed: The Soviet Union in the Spanish Civil War (New Haven CT: Yale, 2001).

Richards, Michael. A Time of Silence: Civil War & the Culture of Repression in Franco's Spain, 1936-1945 (NY, 1998).

Robinson, Richard A.H. The Origins of Franco's Spain: The Right, the Republic & Revolution, 1931-1936 (Pittsburgh: U. Pittsburgh, 1971).

Romeu Alfaro, Fernanda. El silencio roto: mujeres contra el franquismo (Madrid, 1994).

Rosenstone, Robert A. Crusade of the Left: The Lincoln Batallion & the Spanish Civil War (Lanham MD, 1980).

Richards, V. Lessons of the Spanish Revolution (London, 195?). Anarchist reflections.

Rubin, Hank. Spain's Cause Was Mine: Memoir of an American Medic in the Spanish Civil War (Carbondale, 1999).

Sánchez, José M. The Spanish Civil War as a Religious Tragedy (Notre Dame, 198?).

Shubert, Adrian. The Road to Revolution in Spain: The Coal Miners of Asturias, 1860-1934 (Urbana, 1987).

__________. Spain at War: The Spanish Civil War in Context (NY, 1995).

__________. A Social History of Modern Spain (London, 1990).

Strong, Anna Louise. Spain in Arms, 1937 (NY: Henry Holt, 1937).

Tellería Ugarte, Javier. La Nueva Covadonga insurgente: orígenes sociales y culturales de la sublevación de 1936 en Navarra y el País Vasco (Madrid, 1998).

Vernon, Kathleen M. (ed.) The Spanish Civil War & the Visual Arts (Ithaca, 1989).

Vincent, Mary. Catholicism in the Second Spanish Republic: Religion & Politics in Salamanca, 1930-36 (NY, 1996).

In the Library: Fiction

Barea, Arturo. The Track [1943] (London, 1958).

__________. The Forge [1946] (London, 1958).

Bartra, Agustí. Cristo de 200,000 brazos (campo de Argeles) (México, 1958).

Bates, Ralph. The Olive Field (NY, 1936).

Cercas, Javier. Soldados de Salamina (Barcelona: Tusquets, 2001).

Malraux, André. Man's Hope (NY, 1938).

In the Library: For Young Readers

In the Library: Poetry

Hernández, Miguel. Poemas sociales de guerra y de muerte (Madrid, 1978).

In the Library: Drama

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio

Film & Video

"Ay Carmela!" [1990], dir. Carlos Saura, 109m. In video stores. Travelling performers captured by Franco's forces during Civil War.

"Belle Epoque" [1992], dir. Fernando Trueba, 109m. In video stores. Dashing Civil War deserter takes refuge with artist friend & his beautiful daughters.

"To Die in Madrid" [1965], dir. Frederic Rossif, 87m. Brilliant documentary of Civil War.

"Land & Freedom (Tierra y libertad)" [1995], dir. Ken Loach, 109m. Unemployed young Communist from Liverpool joins POUM unit fighting for the Republic in Catalunya.

"Libertarias" [1996], dir. Vicente Aranda, 125m. Feminist struggle in Barcelona, 1936.

"Soldados de Salamina" [2003], dir. David Trueba, 118m.

Monterey Bay Educators Against War
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