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CIA World Factbook. Includes map.

New Internationalist Profile

UN Development Program, Human Development Indicators

World Guide

On the Web: Articles

For Romania's Dropouts, A Fresh Start. Andrea Snyder, Christian Science Monitor (7/3/03).

On the Web: Specialized Sites

Romania Home Page.

In the Library: Articles

Cazacu, Matei. "L'experience de Pitesti," Nouvelle Alternative 10 (6/88).

Judt, Tony. "Romania: bottom of the heap," NY Review (11/1/01):41-45.

Mungiu-Pippidi. "The return of populism: the 2000 Romanian elections," Government & Opposition 36,2 (spr 01):230-252.

Simic, Charles. "The golden age of hatred," NY Review (10/23/03):42-44. Review essay on Manea, The Hooligan's Return.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Almond, Mark. Decline Without Fall: Romania Under Ceausescu (London: Institute for European Defense & Strategic Studies, 1988).

Braun, Aurel. Ceausescu: The Problems of Power (Toronto: Canadian Institute of International Affairs, 1979).

Campeanu, Pavel. Ceausescu: The Countdown (trans. Sorana Corneanu; Boulder: East European Monographs, 2003).

Dorian, Emil. The Quality of Witness: A Romanian Diary, 1937-1944 (Jewish Publications Society of America, 1982).

Carp, Martias. Holocaust in Romania: Facts & Documents on the Annihilation of Romania's Jews, 1940-1944 (Bucharest: Grafice, 1946).

Constante, Lena. The Silent Escape: Three Thousand Days in Romanian Prisons (Berkeley: U. of California, 1995).

Courtney, Bruce J & Joseph F. Harrington. Tweaking the Nose of the Russians: Fifty Years of American-Romanian Relations, 1940-1990 (NY: Columbia, 1991).

Deletant, Dennis. Ceausescu & the Securitate: Coercion & Dissent in Romania, 1965-1989 (Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1995).

Gabanyi, Anneli Ute. The Ceausescu Cult: Propaganda & Power Policy in Communist Romania (Bucarest: Fundatiei Culturale Romane, 2000).

Gallagher, Tom. Romania after Ceausescu: The Politics of Intolerance (Edinburgh: Edinburgh U, 1995).

Georgescu, Adriana. In the Beginning Was the End (Boston: Aspera Educational Foundation, 2003). Bitter memoir of Communist takeover after World War II, show trial & imprisonment, escape & exile, written in 1949-50.

Goma, Paul. My Childhood at the Gate of Unrest (Columbia LA: Readers International, 1990).

Hale, Julian A.S. Ceausescu's Romania: A Political Documentary (London: Harrap, 1971).

Human Rights Watch. Destroying Ethnic Identity: The Persecution of Gypsies in Romania (NY, 1991).

Ioanid, Radu. The Holocaust in Romania: The Destruction of Jews & Gypsies under the Antonescu Regime, 1940-1944 (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2000).

Laignel-Lavastine, Alexandra. Cioran, Eliade, Ionesco: L'Oubli du Fascisme (Paris: Presses Universitaires, 2002). Intellectuals & Fascism in 30s.

Levy, Robert. Ana Pauker: The Rise & Fall of a Jewish Communist (Berkeley: U. California, 2001).

Livezeanu, Irina. Cultural Politics in Greater Romania: Regionalism, Nation Building and Ethnic Struggle, 1918-1930 (Ithaca: Cornell, 1995).

Manea, Norman. On Clowns: The Dictator & the Artist (London: Grove Wiedenfeld, 1992).

__________. The Hooligan's Return (trans. Angela Jianu; NY: Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 2003). Exiled Jewish writer returns to Romania in 1997.

Nagy-Talavera, Nicholas M. The Green Shirts & the Others: A History of Fascism in Hungary & Romania (Portland OR: Center for Romanian Studies, 2001).

O'Connor, Peter. Walking Good: Travels to Music in Romania & Hungary (London: Wiedenfeld & Nicolson, 1971).

Rezzori, Gregor von. The Snows of Yesteryear (NY: Vintage,1989).

Sabates-Wheeler, Rachel. Cooperation in the Romanian Countryside: An Insight into Post-Soviet Agricuture (Lanham MD: Lexington, 2005).

Simkins, Joan. Ceaucescu's Children: The Amazing Story of One Woman's Mission to Romanian Orphans (London: M. Pickering, 1998).

Verdery, Katherine. What Was Socialism, & What Comes Next? (Princeton: Princeton U, 1996). Based on extensive fieldwork in Romania, 1973-1994. How system fell apart & why.

Volovici, Leon. Nationalism Ideology and Anti-Semitism: The Case of Romanian Intellectuals in the 1930s (NY: Pergamon, 1991).

In the Library: Fiction

Astrachan, Samuel. Malaparte in Jassy (Detroit: Wayne State, 1989).

Banffy, Miklos (1874-1950). They Were Counted (St. Paul MN: Consortium, 1999).

__________. They Were Found Wanting (St. Paul MN: Consortium, 2000).

Bellow, Saul. The Dean's December: A Novel (NY: Harper & Row, 1982).

Brownjohn, Alan. The Long Shadows (London: Dewi Lewis, 1997).

Furst, Alan. Blood of Victory: A Novel (NY: Random House, 2002).

Istrati, Panait (1884-1935). Kyra Kyralina (Freeport NY: Books for Libraries, 1971).

Kornblatt, Joyce Reiser. The Reason for Wings: A Novel (Syracuse: Syracuse U, 1999).

Manea, Norman. The Black Envelope (trans. Patrick Camiller; NY: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1995).

Merrill, Susan Scarf. A Member of the Family: A Novel (NY: HarperCollins, 2000).

Müller, Herta. In the Land of the Green Plums (trans. Michael Hofmann; NY: Metropolitan , 1996).

__________. The Appointment (trans. Michael Hulse & Philip Boehm; NY: Metropolitan, 2001).

Stancu, Zaharia. A Gamble with Death: A Novel (trans. Richard A Hillard; London: Owen, 1969).

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Drama

Churchill, Caryl. Plays: Three (London: Nick Hern, 1998). Includes "Mad Forest," a brilliant dissection of the demise of the Ceausescu regime.

In the Library: Photography

CD & Audio:

Film & Video:

"4 Months, 3 Weeks & 2 Days" [2007], dir. Cristian Mungiu, 113m. Story of an illegal abortion in 1987 Romania.

"Children Underground" [2001], dir. Edet Belzberg, 104m. In video stores. Lives of five Bucarest street children.

"Romania: The Taming of the Intellectuals" [1990], dir. Benny Brunner, ?m.

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