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China: Maoist Era

(see also Maoism, China, China: Revolution & Anti-Japanese War, China: Life of Mao Zedong, China: Tibet & China since 1980)

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CIA World Factbook. Includes map.

New Internationalist Profile

UN Development Program, Human Development Indicators

World Guide

On the Web: Articles

On the Web: Specialized Sites

In the Library: Articles

Bouvard, Marguerite Guzmán. "Zhu Hong (interview)," in her Women Reshaping Human Rights (Wilmington DE: Scholarly Resources, 1996), pp. 265-83. On her work as feminist scholar, translater & civil rights activist.

Chi, Wen-shun. "The ideological source of the people's communes in Communist China," Pacific Coast Philology 2 (4/67):62-78.

Chong, Ken Ray & Fang Fu-ruan. "The resurrection of Sun Yat-sen for China's modernization," Journal of Third World Studies 5,1 (spr 88):130-45.

Chou, Ya-lun. "Chinese agrarian reform & Bolshevik land policy," Pacific Affairs 25 (1952):24-39.

Collier, John. "The Cultural Revolution in Canton," New Left Review 48 & 50 (1968).

Deane, Hugh. "Mao's rural policies revisited," Monthly Review 40,10 (3/89):1-36, with comment by William Hinton & reply in 41,8 (1/90):38-41.

Deutscher, Isaac. "Three currents in Communism," Studies on the Left 4,1 (1964). On Sino-Soviet split.

Domes, Jürgen. "The Cultural Revolution & the army," Asian Survey 8,5 (5/68):349-63.

Fitzgerald, C.P. "Religion & China's Cultural Revolution," Pacific Affairs 40,1-2 (1967).

__________. "Reflections on the Cultural Revolution in China," Pacific Affairs 41,1 (1968):51-59.

Friedman, Edward. "Cultural limits of the Cultural Revolution," Asian Survey 9,3 (3/69):188-201.

Gittings, John. "The Chinese Army's role in the Cultural Revolution," Pacific Affairs 39,3-4 (1966-67).

Goldman, René. "Mao, Maoism & Mao-ology," Pacific Affairs 41,4 (1968-69):560-74. Review essay.

Head, William. "The evolution of the Chinese revolution from the White Lotus to Maoism," Journal of Third World Studies 3,1 (fall 86):7-18.

Hinton, William. "Mao, rural development & two-line struggle," Monthly Review 45,9 (2/94):1-18.

Hsiao, Gene T. "The background & development of the 'Proletarian Cultural Revolution'," Asian Survey 7,6 (6/67):389-404.

Jan, George P. "Radio propaganda in Chinese villages," Asian Survey 7,5 (5/67):305-15.

Johnson, Chalmers. "Lin Piao's army & its role in Chinese society," Current Scene (7/1&15/66).

Lukacs, George. "Reflections on the split," Studies on the Left 4,1 (1964). Sino-Soviet conflict.

McElderry, Andrea L. "History & Chinese values: Xiang Jingyu," Journal of Third World Studies 4,2 (fall 87):165-73.

Munro, Donald J. "Maxims & realities in China's educational policy: the half-work, half-study model," Asian Survey 7,4 (4/67):254-72.

Noumoff, S.J. "China's Cultural Revolution as a rectification movement," Pacific Affairs 40,3-4 (1967-68).

Skinner, G. William. "Chinese peasants & the closed community: an open & shut case," Comparative Studies in Society & History 13,3 (1971):270-81.

Spitz, Allan. "Maoism & the People's Courts," Asian Survey 9,4 (1969):255-63.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Aldrich, R.J. & G.D. Rawnsley (eds.) The Clandestine Cold War in Asia, 1945-65: Western Intelligence, Propaganda & Special Operations (Portland, 2000).

Alley, Rewi. The People Have Strength (Peking, 1954). Diary from early 1950s.

__________. Sandan: An Adventure in Creative Education (Christchurch NZ: 1959).

__________. Rewi Alley: An Autobiography (2nd ed.; Beijing: New World, 1987). Author a New Zealand Communist who lived for many years in Red China, and wrote or translated dozens of books of prose & poetry published there in English.

Barendson, Robert D. Half-Work Half-Study Schools in Communist China. Recent Experiments with Self-Supporting Educational Institutions (Washington, 1964).

Barnett, A. Doak. Communist China & Asia: Challenge to American Policy (NY: Harper, 1960).

__________. Communist China: The Early Years, 1949-55 (NY: Praeger, 1964).

__________. Cadres, Bureaucracy & Political Power in Communist China (NY: Columbnia, 1967).

__________. China After Mao, with Selected Documents (Princeton: Princeton U, 1967).

__________ (ed.) Chinese Communist Politics in Action (Seattle: U. Washington, 1969).

__________ & Edwin O. Reischauer (eds.) The US & China: The Next Decade (NY: Praeger, 1970).

__________. Our China Policy: the Need for Change (NY: Foreign Policy Association, 1971).

__________. Uncertain Passage: China's Transition to the Post-Mao Era (Washington: Brookings, 1974).

__________. China & the Major Powers in East Asia (Washington: Brookings, 1977).

__________. US Arms Sales: The China-Taiwan Tangle (Washington: Brookings, 1982).

__________. China's Far West: Four Decades of Change (Boulder: Westview, 1993).

__________ et al. US China Policy: Building a New Consensus (Washington: CSIS, 1994).

Becker, Jasper. Hungry Ghosts: Mao's Secret Famine (NY: Free Press, 1996). Mao's arrogance & lack of democratic accountability caused thirty million deaths in man-made famine of Great Leap Forward (1958-61).

Benton, Gregor & Alan Hunter (eds.) Wild Lily, Prairie Fire: China's Road to Democracy, Yan'an to Tian'anmen, 1941-1989 (Princeton: Princeton U, 199?).

Bettelheim, Charles. Cultural Revolution & Industrial Organization in China: Changes in Management & the Division of Labor (NY: Monthly Review, 1974).

Bianco, Lucien. Conflict & Resistance in 20th-C. China (ed. Mark Selden; Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000).

__________. Peasants Without the Party: Grassroots Movements in 20th-C. China (Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2001).

Bonosky, Phillip. Dragon Pink on Old White (NY: Marzani & Munsell, 1963). American novelist's impressions of art, culture & social psychology.

Breth, R.M. Mao's China: A Study of Socialist Economic Development (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1977).

Burchett, Wilfrid G. China's Feet Unbound (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1952).

__________ with Rewi Alley. China: The Quality of Life (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976).

Burki, Shahed Javed. A Study of the Chinese Communes (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1969).

Burton, Neil G. & Charles Bettelheim. China since Mao (NY: Monthly Review, 1978).

Chai, Ch'u & Winberg. The Changing Society of China (NY: Mentor, 1962).

Chao Kuo-chun. Agricultural Development & Problems in China Today: A Survey of Chinese Communist Agrarian Policies (NY: IPR, 1958).

Chandrasekhar, Sripati. Red China: An Asian View (NY: Praeger, 1961).

Chao, Kuo-chun. Agricultural Development & Problems in China Today (NY: Institute of Pacific Relations, 1958).

Chen, Anita; Richard Madsen & Jonathan Unger. Chen Village: The Recent History of a Peasant Community in Mao's China (Berkeley: U. California, 1984).

Chen, Jerome. China & the West: Society & Culture, 1815-1937 (Bloomington: Indiana U., 1979).

Chesneaux, Jean & John Lust. Introduction aux études d'histoire contemporaine de Chine (Paris: Mouton, 1964).

__________. The People's Comic Book: Red Women's Detachment, Hot on the Trail & Other Chinese Comics (trans. Frances Frenaye; NY: Anchor, 1973).

__________. China: The People's Republic, 1949-1976 (trans. Paul Auster & Lydia Davis; NY: Pantheon, 1979).

Chihua, Wen. The Red Mirror: Children of China's Cultural Revolution (Boulder: Westview, 1995).

Croll, Lisa. Feminism & Socialism in China (London, 1977).

Crook, Isabel & David Crook. Revolution in a Chinese Village, Ten Mile Inn (London: Routledge & Paul, 1959).

__________. The First Years of Yangyi Commune (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1966).

__________. Ten Mile Inn: Mass Movement in a Chinese Village (NY: Pantheon, 1979)

Crozier, Ralph C. Traditional Medicine in Modern China. Science, Nationalism & the Tensions of Cultural Change (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1968).

Daiyun, Yue & Carolyn Wakeman. To the Storm: The Odyssey of a Revolutionary Woman (Berkeley: U. California, 1987).

Dietrich, Craig. People's China: A Brief History (NY: Oxford, 1986).

Dittmer, Lowell. China's Continuous Revolution: The Post-Liberation Epoch, 1949-1981 (Berkeley: U. California, 1989).

Douglass, Bruce & Ross Terrill (eds.). China & Ourselves: Explorations & Revisions by a New Generation (Boston: Beacon, 1970).

Durdin, Peggy. Mao's China (NY: Foreign Policy Association, 1959).

Fitzgerald, C.P. The Chinese View of their Place in the World (NY: Oxford, 1967).

Fitzgerald, Stephen. China & the Overseas Chinese: A Study of Peking's Changing Policy, 1949-1970 (NY: Cambridge, 1973).

Geddes, W.R. Peasant Life in Communist China (Ithaca: Cornell, 1963). Revisits villages studied by Fei Hsiao-tung for classic Peasant Society in China 20 years earlier.

Gittings, John. The Role of the Chinese Army (NY, 1967).

Gluckstein, Ygael. Mao's China: Economic & Political Survey (Boston: Beacon, 1957).

Gray, Jack & Patrick Cavendish. Chinese Communism in Crisis: Maoism & the Cultural Revolution (NY, 1968).

Greene, Felix. What's Really Happening in China? (San Francisco, 1959).

__________. China. The Country Americans Are Not Allowed to Know (NY, 1961).

Gurley, John G. China's Economy & the Maoist Strategy (NY: Monthly Review, 199?).

Hinton, William. Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village (NY: Monthly Review, 1966; reissue Berkeley: U. California, 1997).

__________. Iron Oxen: A Documentary of Revolution in Chinese Farming (NY: Monthly Review, 1970).

__________. Hundred Day War: The Cultural Revolution at Tsinghua University (NY: Monthly Review, 1972).

__________. Turning Point in China: An Essay on the Cultural Revolution (NY: Monthly Review, 1972).

__________. Chou En-lai & the Chinese Revolution [interviews] (eds. Debbie Davison & Mark Selden; Los Angeles: US-China Peoples Friendship Association, 1977).

__________. Shenfan (NY: Random House, 1983).

__________. The Changing Face of China's Countryside (Montreal: McGill, 1986).

__________. The Great Reversal: The Privatization of China, 1978-1989 (NY: Monthly Review, 1990).

Hoffman, Charles. Work Incentive Practices & Policies in the People's Republic of China, 1953-1965 (Albany: SUNY, 1967).

__________. The Chinese Worker (Albany: SUNY, 1974).

Hsiung, Yin Tso. Red China's Cultural Revolution (NY: Vantage, 1968).

Huang, Joe C. Heroes & Villains in the Chinese Communist Novel (London, 1973).

Hunter, Neale. Shanghai Journal: An Eyewitness Account of the Cultural Revolution (NY, 1969). Author an Australian teaching at Foreign Language Institute in 1965-67.

Jian, Chen. Mao's China & the Cold War (Chapel Hill: U. North Carolina, 2001).

Jie, Zhang. Love Must Not Be Forgotten (Boston, 1986).

Kuo Ping-chia. China: New Age & New Outlook (rev. ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1960).

Kwong, Julia. Cultural Revolution in China's Schools, May 1966-April 1969 (Stanford: Hoover Institution, 1988).

Lotta, Raymond (ed.) And Mao Makes Five: Mao Tse-tung's Last Great Battle (Chicago, 1978). Documents from 1973-76 on the "Gang of Four" & their effort to extend & reaffirm the innovations of the Cultural Revolution.

Lü, Xiaobo. Cadres & Corruption: The Organizational Involution of the Chinese Communist Party (Stanford: Stanford, 2000).

Ma, Bo. Blood Red Sunset: A Memoir of the Chinese Cultural Revolution (trans. Howard Goldblatt; NY: Viking, 1995).

MacFarquhar, Roderick. The Great Leap Forward, 1958-1960 (NY: Columbia U, 1983).

Madsen, Richard. Morality & Power in a Chinese Village (Berkeley: U. California, 1987).

Mehnert, Klaus. Peking & Moscow (NY, 1963).

Meisner, Maurice J. Mao's China & After: A History of the People's Republic (3rd ed.; NY: Free Press, 1999).

Myrdal, Jan. Report from a Chinese Village (NY, 1965).

__________. The Revolution Continued (NY: Random House, 1978).

__________. Return to a Chinese Village (NY: Pantheon, 1984).

Nathan, Andrew J. Chinese Democracy (Berkeley: U. California, 1987).

Nee, Victor. The Cultural Revolution at Peking University (NY: Monthly Review, 1969).

__________. Social Exchange & Political Process in Maoist China (NY: Garland, 1991).

Nien, Cheng. Life & Death in Shanghai (NY: Penguin, 1988).

Oksenberg, Michel et al. The Cultural Revolution: 1967 in Review, Four Essays (Ann Arbor: U. Michigan Center for Chinese Studies, 1968).

Orleans, Leo A. Every Fifth Child. The Population of China (Stanford, 1972).

Rawski, E.S. Agricultural Change & the Peasant Economy of South China (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1972).

Rittenberg, Sidney & Amanda Bennett. The Man Who Stayed Behind (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1993). Memoir of an American who lived & worked in China throughout this period.

Robinson, Joan. Notes from China (NY: Oxford, 1964).

__________. The Cultural Revolution in China (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969).

Robinson, Thomas W. (ed.) The Cultural Revolution in China (Berkeley: U. California, 1971).

Rue, John. Mao Tse-tung in Opposition (Stanford, 1966).

Schram, Stuart R. Mao Tse-tung (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1966).

__________ (ed.) Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung (NY: Praeger, 1967). The "Little Red Book".

__________ (ed.) Authority, Participation & Cultural Change in China (Cambridge: Cambridge U, 1973).

__________ (ed.) Chairman Mao Talks to the People: Talks & Letters, 1956-1971 (NY: Pantheon, 1975).

__________ (ed.) Foundations & Limits of State Power in China (Hong Kong: Chinese U, 1987).

__________. The Political Thought of Mao Tse-tung [anthology] (rev. ed.; NY: Praeger, 1969).

__________. Mao Zedong: A Preliminary Reassessment (Hong Kong: Chinese U, 1983).

__________ (ed.) The Scope of State Power in China (Hong Kong: Chinese U, 1985).

__________. The Thought of Mao Tse-tung (NY: Cambridge, 1989).

Schurmann, Franz. Ideology & Organization in Communist China (Berkeley: U. California, 1966).

Science for the People. China: Science Walks on Two Legs (NY: Avon, 1974).

Selden, Mark & Victor Lipset (eds.) The Transition to Socialism in China (Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1982).

__________ (ed.) The People's Republic of China: A Documentary History of Revolutionary Change (NY: Monthly Review, 198?).

Sheridan, Mary & Janet W. Salaff (eds.) Lives: Chinese Working Women (Bloomington: Indiana U. 1984).

Sidel, Ruth. Families of Fengsheng: Urban Life in China (London, 1974).

Snow, Edgar. Red China Today (NY: Random House, 1971).

Stacey, Judith. Patriarchy & Socialist Revolution in China (Berkeley: U. California, 1983). On reconstruction of patriarchal family structure after the Revolution.

Strong, Anna Louise. The Rise of the People's Communes (Detroit: Radical Education Project, 1969).

Tang, Zongli. Maoism & Chinese Culture (NY: Nova Science, 1996).

Terrill, Ross (ed.) China Profile: A Symposium (NY: Friendship, 1969).

__________. 800,000,000: The Real China (Boston: Little, Brown, 1972).

__________. Flowers on an Iron Tree: Five Cities of China (Boston: Little, Brown, 1975).

__________. The Future of China: After Mao (NY: Delacorte, 1978).

__________ (ed.) The China Difference (NY: Harper & Row, 1979).

__________. China in Our Time: The Epic Saga of the People's Republic from the Communist Victory to Tiananmen Square & Beyond (NYU: Simon & Schuster, 1992).

Townsend, James R. Political Participation in Communist China (Berkeley: U. California, 1967).

Tregear, T.H. A Geography of China (London, 1965). Emphasis on post-1949 socio-economic developments.

Tsou, Tang. The Cultural Revolution & Post-Mao Reforms: A Historical Perspective (Chicago: U. Chicago, 1986).

Tung, Roslie. Chinese Industrial Society after Mao (Lexington MA, 1982).

Walker, Kenneth R. Planning in Chinese Agriculture. Socialization & the Private SWector, 1956-1962 (London, 1965).

Wakeman, Frederic Jr. Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service (Berkeley: U. of California, 2003).

Xinxin, Zhang & Sang Ye. Chinese Lives: An Oral History of Contemporary China (NY: Pantheon, 1987).

Yan, Yunxiang. Private Life Under Socialism: Love, Intimacy, & Family Change in a Chinese Village, 1949-1999 (Stanford: Stanford U, 2003).

Yuan, Gao. Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution (Stanford, 1987). Insider's view, by an adolescent participant.

Wen, Chihua. The Red Mirror: Children of China's Cultural Revolution (Boulder: Westview, 1995).

Zhang, Shu Guang. Economic Cold War: America's Embargo Against China & the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1949-1963 (Stanford: Stanford, 2001).

Zhong, Xueping; Wang Zheng & Bai Di (eds.) Some of Us. Chinese Women Growing Up in the Mao Era (New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers, 2001).

In the Library: Fiction

Chen, Yuan-tsung. The Dragon's Village. An Autobiographical Novel of Revolutionary China (NY, 1980).

Jin, Ha. Waiting: A Novel (NY: Pantheon, 1999).

Li-po, Chou. Hurricane (Chicago IL:Forgein Language, 1955).

Min, Anchee. Red Azalea: Life & Love in China (NY: Pantheon, 1994).

Wong, Norman. Cultural Revolution: Stories (NY: Persea, 1994).

In the Library: For Young Readers

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Drama

In the Library: Photography

Kessle, Gun & Jan Myrdal. Chinese Journey (Boston: Beacon, 1965).

CD & Audio

Film & Video

"Farewell My Concubine (Ba Wang Bie Ji)" [1993], dir. Kaige Chen, 171m. In video stores.

"To Live (Huozhe)" [1992], dir. Zhang Yi-mou, 125m. In video stores.

Monterey Bay Educators Against War
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