(see also Human Rights Advocacy)
Roots of Abu Ghraib in CIA Techniques. James Hodge & Linda Cooper, National Catholic Reporter [Global Policy Forum] (11/5/04). Interrogation manuals condense years of experience in refining & teaching torture techniques.
US Ships Al Qaeda Suspects to Arab States. Faye Bowers & Philip Smucker, Christian Science Monitor (7/26/02). "Outsourcing" of interrogations?
On the Web: Specialized Sites
Public Committee Against Torture in Israel. Information clearinghouse. Documents, monitors & responds to cases in Israel & Occupied Territories & under Palestinian National Authority. Public education, legal aid & advocacy for victims, legislative watchdogging, petitions to Supreme Court.
Bowden, Mark. “The dark art of interrogation,” Atlantic Monthly (10/03):51-76.
Cockburn, Alexander. "Torture them," Nation (12/11/00):9.
__________. "The wide world of torture," Nation (11/26/01):10.
Ortiz, Sister Dianna. "A nun confronts her torture," Progressive (6/96):27-28.
Tanner, Murray Scot. “Shackling the coercive state: China’s ambivalent struggle against torture”, Problems of Post-Communism (9/10/00).
Todorov, Tzvetan. "Letter from Paris," Salmagundi (sum-fall 02). Reviews Patrick Rotman book & TV program L'ennemi intime, on causes of torture by French troops in Algeria. Torture a "civilized" phenomenon: neither "culture, education, accumulated wisdom...nor...religion provides efficient protection" against its practice. In extreme situations a "convinced, resolute & active minority" can carry along the "passive, indecisive majority...Fanatics & sadists act out; others let things happen, torn between a flabby indignation & secret satisfaction."
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Abrahamian, Ervand. Tortured Confessions: Prisons & Public Recantations in Modern Iran (Berkeley: U. of California, 1999).
Amnesty International. Torture in the Eighties (NY, 1984).
CIA. Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual (1982). Instructions for torturers.
Conroy, John. Unspeakable Acts, Ordinary People. The Dynamics of Torture
(Berkeley: U. California, 2001).
Forrest, Duncan (ed.) A Glimpse of Hell. Reports on Torture Worldwide (NY, 1996).
Gordon, Neve & Ruchama Marton. Torture: Human Rights, Medical Ethics & the Case of Israel (London, 1995).
Greenberg, Karen J. (ed.) The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib (NY: Cambridge, 2005). Documents conscious post-9/11 abandonment by US government officials of international human rights standards regarding torture.
Ruthven, Malise. Torture: The Grand Conspiracy (London: Wiedenfeld & Nicolson, 1978).
In the Library: Fiction
Fallaci, Oriana. A Man (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1980).
In the Library: For Young Readers
In the Library: Poetry
In the Library: Drama
In the Library: Photography
"Brazil: Report on Torture" , dir. Saul Landau & Haskell Wexler, 60m. From Cinema Guild. Brazilian political prisoners reenact tortures administered by political police.
"Taxi to the Dark Side" , dir. Alex Gibney, 106m. In video stores. Documentary on routinization of torture under U.S. military occupation in Afghanistan, Iraq & Guantanamo.