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Mexico: Chiapas

(see also Mexico, Mexico: Revolution & Mexico: PRI Regime)

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CIA World Factbook. Includes map.

New Internationalist Profile

UN Development Program, Human Development Indicators

World Guide

On the Web: Articles

On the Web: Specialized Sites

Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional.

Frente Zapatista de Liberación Nacional.

Ibermundo México.

Independent Media Center (Mexico).

Revista Rebeldía.

ZNet Chiapas Watch.

In the Library: Articles

Akwe:kon. A Journal of Indigenous Issues, special issue on Chiapas (sum, 1994).

Latin American Perspectives, special issue on Chiapas 22,4 (fall 95).

Identities: Global Studies in Culture & Power, special issue on Chiapas 3 (8/96).

Alvarez, Fernando. "Peasant movements in Chiapas," Bulletin of Latin American Research 7,2 (1988): 277-298.

Batt, Kevin. "Violence erupts in Mexico's land wars," In These Times (9/10/80):11. Golonchán, Chiapas.

Benjamin, Thomas. "A time of reconquest: history, the Maya revival & the Zapatista rebellion in Chiapas," American Historical Review 105,2 (4/00):417-50.

Capellaro, Catherine. "My visit with the Bishop of Chiapas," Progressive (11/98):26-29.

Casillas R., Rodolfo. "Pluralidad religiosa en una sociedad tradicional, Chiapas," Cristianismo y Sociedad 101 (1989):73-87.

Dussel, Enrique. "Ethical sense of the 1994 Maya rebellion in Chiapas," Journal of Hispanic/Latino Theology 2,3 (feb 1995):41-56.

Epstein, Jack. "The blood of the land in Chiapas," In These Times (3/30/88):10.

Esteva, Gustavo. "The Zapatistas and people's power," Capital & Class 68 (sum 99):153-82.

Flinchum, Robin. "The women of Chiapas," Progressive (3/98).

Garcia de Leon, Antonio. "Lucha de clases y poder político en Chiapas," Historia y Sociedad 22 (1979).

__________. "Chiapas & the Mexican crisis," NACLA Report 29.,1 (7-8/95):10-14.

Gilly, Adolfo. "Chiapas & the rebellion of the enchanted world," in D. Nugent (ed.) Rural Revolt in México. U.S. Intervention & the Domain of Subaltern Politics (Durham NC, 1998), pp. 261-333.

Gledhill, John. "Agrarian social movements & forms of consciousness," Bulletin of Latin American Research 7,2 (1988):257-76.

Gossen, Gary H. "Translating Cuscat's War: understanding Maya oral history," Journal of Latin American Lore 3,2 (1977):249-78.

__________. "A modern Maya diaspora: out-migration & the cultural persistence of San Juan Chamula, Chiapas," Mesoamerica 5 (6/83):253-76.

__________. "Who is the comandante of Subcomandante Marcos?" in K. Gosner & A. Ouweneel (eds.) Indigenous Revolts in Chiapas & the Andean Highlands (Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 107-20.

Guillermoprieto, Alma. "Letter from Mexico: the unmasking," New Yorker (13 mar 1995):40-47, pub. with her "Zapata's heirs" in her Looking for History: Dispatches from Latin America (NY: Vintage, 2001), pp. 185-206 & 207-23.

Harvey, Neil. "Personal networks & strategic choices in the formation of an independent peasant organization: the OCEZ of Chiapas, Mexico," Bulletin of Latin American Research 7,2 (1988):299-312.

__________. "Rebellion in Chiapas: rural reforms & popular struggle," Third World Quarterly 16,


__________. "Peasant strategies & corporatism in Chiapas," in Foweraker & Craig (eds.) Popular Movements & Political Change in Mexico (Boulder, 1990).

__________. "Globalization & resistance in post-Cold War Mexico: difference, citizenship

biodiversity conflicts in Chiapas," Third World Quarterly 22,6 (12/01):1045-61.

Hernández Castillo, Aída. "Víctimas de una guerra silenciada: los usos del terror en el conflicto chiapaneco," Revista de la Universidad de México 607 (1/02):21-29.

Howard, Philip. "The history of ecological marginalization in Chiapas," Environmental History 3,3 (6/98):357-77.

Juárez Ch'ix, Isabel y Petrona de la Cruz Cruz. "La desconfiada (diálogo dramático)," Mesoamerica 12,23 (jun 1992):135-42.

Klawans, Stuart. “Zapatista realidad,” Nation (11/23/98). Review essay on Nettie Wild’s film “A place called Chiapas.”

Kretzmann, Steve. "Realidad check," In These Times (4/17/95):31-32.

LaFrance, David G. "Chiapas in rebellion: an early assessment," Mexican Studies 12,1 (win 1996):

Landau, Saul. "In the jungle with Marcos," Progressive (mar 1996):25-29.

Laughlin, Robert M. & Grant J. Wenger. "Insuring a cooperative's future," Cultural Survival Quarterly 15,1 (1991):61-63.

Learmonth, Michael. "Seeking Subcomandante Marcos," World View (sum 1996).

Lemaitre, Monique J. "Neozapatismo, posmodernidad y neoliberalismo: la nueva utopía frente a la ‘muerte’ de las ideologías y la estética del mercantilismo global," Proceedings, "Encuentro Internacional por la Humanidad y en Contra del Neoliberalismo (?, 1996).

MacEoin, Gary. "Samuel Ruiz, voice of the voiceless," Cross Currents 46,3 (1996):362-69.

Marcos, Subcomandante. "A tourist guide to Chiapas," Monthly Review (May, 1994):8-18.

Singer, Marie-Odile Marion. "Pueblos de Chiapas: una democracia a la defensiva," Revista de Sociología Mexicana 44 (1987):37-73.

Martínez, Demetria. "Zapatistas go on-line to spread news from Chiapas," National Catholic Reporter (9/25/95).

Means, Myron R. "Growth & nutritional status of colonist pre-school children in Chiapas, México," in Schumann & Partridge (eds.) The Human Ecology of Latin America (Boulder, 1988).

Mitchell, Chip. "Casinos for Chiapas," Progressive (3/97). On a proposal for "Indian gambling" there!

Nash, June. "Death as a way of life: the increasing resort to homicide in a Maya Indian community," American Anthropologist 69 (1967):455-70.

__________. "The reassertion of indigenous identity: Mayan responses to state intervention in Chiapas," Latin American Research Review 30,3 (1995):7-42.

Ouweneel, Arij. "Away from prying eyes: the Zapatista revolt of 1994," in Gosner & Ouweneel (eds.) Indigenous Revolts in Chiapas & the Andean Highlands (Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 79-106.

Peres Tsu, Marian. "The first two months of the Zapatistas: a Tzotzil chronicle," in Gosner & Ouweneel (eds) Indigenous Revolts in Chiapas & the Andean Highlands (Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 121-32.

Pérez Castro, Anabella. "Movimiento campesino en Simojovel, Chiapas, 1936-1978: problema étnico o de clases sociales?" Anales de Antropología (México) 19,2 (1982):207-29.

Pérez Hidalgo, Carlos. "La situación nutricional de la población rural de los Altos de Chiapas," América Indígena 35,1 (1-3/75):71-99.

Petrich, Blanche. "Analisis de coyuntura de la diócesis de San Cristobal de las Casas," La Jornada (2/5/00).

Reavis, Dick J. "Chiapas is Mexico," Progressive (5/94):28-33.

Reding, Andrew. "Chiapas is Mexico: the imperative of political reform," World Policy Journal 11,1 (spr 1995):11-26.

Renner, Michael. "Chiapas: an uprising born of despair," World Watch 10,1 (1-2/97):12-25.

Rogachevsky, Jorge R. "Maya spirituality in the world today," Resist (nov 1997).

Rosen, Fred. "They are us, & we are them," In These Times (10/14/96).

Ruiz García, Samuel. "A Mexican plan for rural areas," in John Considine (ed.) The Religious Dimension in the New Latin America (Notre Dame, 1966), pp. 117-26.

Rus, Jan. "The 'comunidad revolucionaria institucional': the subversion of native government in highland Chiapas, 1936-1968," in G.M. Joseph & D. Nugent (eds.) Everyday Forms of State Formation (Durham, 1994), pp. 265-300.

__________ & Robert Wasserstrom. "Civil-religious hierarchies in Central Chiapas: a critical perspective," American Ethnologist 7,3 (aug 1980):466-78.

__________. "Whose caste war? Indians, ladinos & the 'caste war' of 1869," in M. MacLeod & R. Wasserstrom (eds.) Spaniards & Indians in Southeastern Mesoamerica (Lincoln, 1983), pp. 127-68.

Stephen, Lynn. "The Zapatista Army of National Liberation & the National Democratic Convention," Latin American Perspectives 22,4 (fall 95).

Sub-Commander Marcos. “A tourist guide to Chiapas,” Monthly Review 46, 1 (5/94): 8-18.

“Subcommander Marcos is more than just gay,” Monthly Review 46, 4 (9/94): 1-16.

Tribukait, Stephan. "La Constitución y los indios de Chiapas," Nexos 231 (3/97):20-21.

Wasserstrom, Robert. "The exchange of saints in Zinacantan: the socio-economic bases of religious change in southern Mexico," Ethnology 17,2 (apr 1978):197-210.

Weinberg, Bill. "Mexico's dirty war. Six years after the Zapatista uprising," In These Times (2/21/00):14-16.

__________. “Bio-piracy in Chiapas,” Nation (8/20-27/01): 23.

__________. “Zapatistas & the globalization of resistance,” Yes! (spring 04):17-20.

In the Library: Non-Fiction Books

Anon. Los zapatistas de Chiapas. Taller de análisis de las cuestiones agrarias (San Cristobal?, 1988).

Aramoni Calderón, Dolores. Los refugios de lo sagrado: religiosidad, conflicto y resistencia entre los zoques de Chiapas (México, 1992).

Arizpe, Lourdes; Fernanda Paz & Margarita Velázquez. Culture & Global Change: Social Perceptions of Deforestation in the Lacandona Rainforest in Mexico (Ann Arbor, 1996).

Armendáriz, Maria Luisa (comp.) Chiapas: una radiografía (México, 1994).

Bardacke, Frank et al. (eds.) Shadows of Tender Fury. The Letters & Communiqués of Subcomandante Marcos & the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (NY, 1995).

Benjamin, Medea & Shannon McCully (eds.) Mexico. A Reader on the Uprising in Chiapas (San Francisco,Global Exchange, 1995).

Benjamin, Thomas. A Rich Land, a Poor People: Politics & Society in Modern Chiapas (Albuquerque, 1989).

Botz, Dan La. Democracy in Mexico: Peasant Rebellion and Political Reform (Boston, MA : South End Press, 2003).

Cancian, Frank. The Decline of Community in Zinacantan: Economy, Public Life, & Social Stratification, 1960-1987 (Stanford, 1992).

Collier, George A. Basta! Land and the Zapatista Rebellion in Chiapas (Oakland, 1994).

Cooper, Marc. Zapatistas (Westfield NJ, 1994).

Coordinación de Ofrganismos no Gubernamentales por la Paz; Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Bartolomé de las Casas; Convergencia de Organismos Civiles por la Democracia. Militarización y violencia en Chiapas (San Cristobal, 1996).

De la Grange, Bertrand & Maite Rico. Marcos. La genial imposture (México, 1998).

De Vos, Jan (coord.) Viajes al desierto de la soledad: un retrato hablado de la Selva Lacandona (México: CIESAS, 2003).

Díaz-Polanco, Hector. La rebelión zapatista y la autonomía (México, 1997).

Durán de Huerta, Marta (comp.) Yo, Marcos (México, 1994).

Falcón, Romana. México descalzo: estrategias de sobrevivencia frente a la modernidad liberal (México: Plaza y Janés, 2002).

Fazio, Carlos. Samuel Ruiz: el caminante (México, 1994).

García de León, Antonio. Resistencia y utopía. Memorial de agravios y crónica de revueltas y profecías acaecidas en la Provincia de Chiapas duranto los últimos quinientos años de su historia (2 vols.; México, 1985).

Garibay, Ricardo. Chicoasen (México, 1986).

Garza, Ana María. Voces de la historia: nuevo San Juan Chamula, nuevo Huixtan, nuevo Matzam (Cuernavaca, 1994).

Gilly, Adolfo. Chiapas: la razón ardiente. Ensayo sobre la rebelión del mundo encantado (México, 1997).

Gossen, Gary H. Telling Maya Tales: Tzotzil Identities in Modern Mexico (Albany, 1998).

Harvey, Neil et al. Rebellion in Chiapas. Rural Reforms, Campesino Radicalism & the Limits of Salinismo (San Diego, 1994).

__________. The Chiapas Rebellion. The Struggle for Land & Democracy (Durham NC, 1998).

Hayden, Tom (ed.) The Zapatista Reader (NY: Thunder's Mouth, 2000).

Hernández Castillo, Rosalva Aída. La otra palabra: mujeres y violencia en Chiapas, antes y después de Acteal (México, 1998).

Hernández Navarro, Luis. Chiapas: la guerra y la paz (México, 1995).

__________ y Ramón Vera Herrera (comps.) Acuerdos de San Andrés (México, 1998).

Kampwirth, Karen, Sarah Poggio & Montserrat Sagot (eds). Irrumpiendo en lo Público: Seis Facetas de las Mujeres en América Latina (San José, Costa Rica: Universidad de Costa Rica, 2000).

Kanoussi, Dora (comp.) El zapatismo y la política (México, 1998).
Katzenberger, Elaine (ed.) First World, Ha Ha Ha. The Zapatista Challenge (San Francisco, 1995).

Latapí, Pablo et al. Chiapas: el evangelio de los pobres: iglesia, justicia y verdad (México, 1994).

Legorreta Díaz, María del Carmen. Religión, política y guerrilla en Las Cañadas de la Selva Lacandona (México, 1998).

Leyva Solano, Xochitl y Gabriel Ascencio Franco. Lacandonia al filo del agua (San Cristobal, 1996).

LeBot, Yvon. Subcomandante Marcos, el sueño zapatista. Entrevista (México, 1997).

MacEoin, Gary. The People's Church: Bishop Samuel Ruiz of Mexico & Why He Matters (NY, 1996).

Magadaleno Cañavera, Jesús. Los herederos del hambre: una imágen viva de Chiapas (México, 1994).

Marcos, Subcomandante. Yo, Marcos (México, 1994.

Mattiace, Shannan L. To See With Two Eyes: Peasant Activism & Indian Autonomy in Chiapas, Mexico (Albuquerque: U. of New Mexico, 2003).

Méndez Asensio, Luis & Antonio Cano Gimeno. La guerra contra el tiempo: viaje a la selva alzada (México, 1994).

Modiano, Nancy. Indian Education in the Chiapas Highlands (NY, 1973).

Moguel, Julio. Chiapas: la guerra de los signos, del amanacer zapatista de 1994 a la masacre de Acteal (México, 1998).

Montemayor Aceves, Carlos. Chiapas: La rebelión indígena de México (México, 1997).

Pérez-Enríquez, María Isabel. Expulsiones indígenas: religión y migración en tres municipios de los altos de Chiapas: Chenalhó, Larraínzar y Chamula (México, 1994).

Pérez Salas, Esther y Diana Guillén. Chiapas: una historia compartida (México, 1994).

Ponce de León, Juana (ed.) Our Word is Our Weapon: Selected Writings of Subcomandante Marcos (NY: Seven Stories, 2001).

Ramírez Paredes, Juan Rogelio. ¡Nunca más sin rostro! (Evolución histórica del proyecto del EZLN) (México: Eón, 2002).

Reyes F., Arturo & Miguel Anguel Zebadua Carboney. Samuel Ruiz: su lucha por la paz en Chiapas (México, 1995).

Reyes Ramos, María Eugenia. El reparto de tierras y la política agraria en Chiapas, 1914-1988 (México, 1992).

Robledo Hernández, Gabriela. Disidencia y religión: los expulsados de San Juan Chamula (Tuxtla Gutiérrez, 1997).

Rojas, Rosa (coor.) Chiapas. Y las mujeres, qué? (México, 1994).

Romero Jacobo, César. Los altos de Chiapas. La voz de las armas (México, 1994).

Rosenbaum, Brenda. With Our Heads Bowed: The Dynamics of Gender in a Maya Community (Albany: SUNY, 1993). San Juan Chamula.

Ross, John. Rebellion from the Roots. Indian Uprising in Chiapas (Monroe ME, 1995).

__________. The War Against Oblivion: The Zapatista Chronicles, 1994-2000 (Monroe ME, 2000).

Rovira, Guiomar. Mujeres de maíz (México, 1997).

Ruiz García, Bishop Samuel. Carta pastoral. En esta hora de gracia (6 ago 1993) (México, 1993).

__________. Lessons of the Zapatista Uprising (London, 1994).

__________ y Raúl Vera López. Carta pastoral: para que la justicia y la paz se encuentren (San Cristóbal de las Casas, 1996).

Rus, Jan; Rosalva Aida Hernández Castillo & Shannan L. Mattiace (eds.) Mayan Lives, Mayan Utopias: The Indigenous Peoples of Chiapas & the Zapatista Rebellion (Lanham MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003).

Singer, Marie-Odile Marion. El agrarismo en Chiapas (1524-1940) (México, 1988).

Tangeman, Michael. Mexico at the Crossroads: Politics, the Church & the Poor (Maryknoll: Orbis, 1995).

Tejeda Gaona, Héctor. Organización comunal y conflicto político en Chiapas (México, 1991).

Trejo Delarbe, Raúl. Chiapas, la guerra de las ideas (México, 1994).

Varios autores.Teología india mayense: memorias, experiencias y reflexiones de encuentros teológicos regionales (México, 1993).

Veltmeier, Henry; James Petras & Steve Vieux. Neoliberalism & Class Conflict in Latin America: A Comparative Perspective on the Political Economy of Structural Adjustment (NY: St. Martin's, 1997), chap. 10.

Viqueira, Juan Pedro y Mario Humberto Ruz (eds.) Chiapas: los rumbos de otra historia (México, 1995). Essays on backgrounds to the Zapatista revolt.

Weinberg, Bill. Homage to Chiapas: New Indigenous Struggles in Mexico (NY: Verso, 2000)

Wheaton, Philip E. (ed.) Unmasking the Powers in Mexico: The Zapatistas' Prophetic Alternative to the New World Order (Washington, 1998).

Womack, John (ed.) Rebellion in Chiapas: An Historical Reader (NY, 1999).

In the Library: Fiction

Castellanos, Rosario. Balún Canán (The Nine Guardians) (México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1957; NY, 1959). Elite girl's childhood in Comitán during the 1930's; contrast between Indian countryside & ladino town.

__________. Ciudad Real (City of Kings)(Xalapa, 1960; NY?, 199?). Short stories.

Castro, Carlo Antonio. Los hombres verdaderos (Jalapa, 1959).

Pozas, Ricardo. Juan Pérez Jolote: biografía de un tzotzil (México, 1952; English trans. Juan the Chamula; Chicago, 196?).

Wilson, Carter. Crazy February. Death & Life in the Mayan Highlands of Mexico (NY, 1966).

__________. A Green Tree & a Dry Tree (NY, 1972).

In the Library: For Young Readers

In the Library: Poetry

In the Library: Drama

In the Library: Photography

Santíz Gómez, Maruch. Creencias de nuestros antepasados (México, 1998).

Turok, Antonio. El fin de silencio: Chiapas (México, 1998).

Varios." En Chiapas," special issue of Cuarto Oscuro: Revista de Fotógrafos 1,5 (2-4/94).

CD & Audio

Film & Video

"Chavivanej" [2001] dir. Sergio Ivan Morai Molichi, 30m. Struggle for Indian education.

"Children of Zapata" [199?], by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 24m. From Filmakers' Library.

"Education is Resistance" [200?], by Chiapas Media Project, ?m.

“Men with Guns” [1997], dir. John Sayles. 127m. In video stores. Imaginative drama set in Chiapas-like Latin American country.

"Scenes of Resistance" [2004], dir. Alejandra Navarro Smith, 24m. From Latin American Video Archives. Meditation on revolution in daily life.

"The Sixth Sun: Mayan Uprising in Chiapas" [1996], dir. Meredith Burch & Saul Landau, 56m. From Cinema Guild. Social background to Zapatista uprising.

"Women United" [200?], by Chiapas Media Project, ?m.

"Zapatista" [1999], dir. Benjamin Eichert & Rick Rowley, 56m.

Monterey Bay Educators Against War
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