(see also Petroleum Production, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Kuwait, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Mexico, Indonesia, Central Asia: General, Militarization of Foreign Policy & Auto Mania)
The Push for War. Anatol Lieven, London Review of Books (10/3/02). Brilliant critique of the world view & militarist foreign policy of the "think tank" intellectuals surrounding the Bush administration.
Exxon-Mobil Sponsored Terrorism? David Corn, Nation (6/14/02). Charges arising from Acheh in Indonesia of human rights violations by armed forces employed to defend the multinational's interests there.
Shifts Focus on Colombia Aid, Juan Forero, NY Times (2/6/02). War
on terror lets U.S. admit that military aid to Colombia is about oil.
It's About Oil, Ted Rall, (11/2/01). Unocal has sought oil pipeline through Afghanistan since 1994. Deal with Taliban cancelled after 1999 bombing. 9/11 provided "perfect excuse" to intervene & install puppet govt. amenable to plan.
Stuck in the Gulf: Could Central Asian oil, piped through a rebuilt Afghanistan, wean the West from the Mideast? Chances are slim, Damien Cave, (10/29/01). US oil dependency, & why we probably won't work to develop solar energy.
America's pipe dream, George Monbiot, Guardian (10/22/01). War is always about industrial & commercial competition; this one will provide US with an Afghan route for Caspian oil.
The High, Hidden Cost of Saudi Arabian Oil, Neela Banerjee, NY Times (10/21/01). How dependence on Saudi oil may hamper 9/11 investigation & war on terrorism.
Oil Omissions: Bush Sr, Cheney Have Big Stakes in Saudi Status Quo, Laura Flanders,Common Dreams (10/18/01). US interest in Caspian Sea oil; George Bush Sr.'s ties to Saudis.
Fears, Again, of Oil Supplies at Risk, Neela Banerjee, NY Times (10/14/01). US dependency on foreign oil; regional consequences of ties to Middle East.
The Continent of Sleaze, War in a Passive Voice, Vijay Prashad,Counterpunch (10/12/01). US military maneuvers vs. Taliban before 9/11; Robert Oakley, ex- ambassador to Pakistan linked to Saudis, now working for Unocal.
Missing the Oil Story, Nina Burleigh, Guerrilla News (10/12/01). Brief look at economics of Afghanistan war.
US Companies to Invest in Pak Oil, Gas Sectors Frontier Post (10/10/01). US Ambassador visits Pakistan's Minister for Petroleum & Natural Resources to discuss cooperation on gas & oil.
The Oil Behind Bush and Son's Campaigns, Ranjit Devraj, (10/6/01). War on Afghanistan partly about region's oil reserves.
Questionable Ties: Tracking Bin Laden's Money Flow Leads Back to Midland, Texas Wayne Madsen, In These Times. Bush's financial dealings with individuals & banks connected to bin Laden & terrorist groups.
War Against the Planet, Vijay Prashad, Counterpunch (9/15/01). Overview of U.S./British policies in Iraq & Afghanistan that set stage for 9/11.
Saddam's Last Laugh, Arjun Makhijani, TomPaine.com (3/9/01). An OPEC switch from $$ to Euro could devastate US economy.
The Campaign Issue that
Wasn't, Martin A. Lee, San Francisco Bay Guardian (11/13/00). Halliburton
subsidiaries did $23 million in business with Iraq while Dick Cheney was CEO.
Timeline of Competition between Unocal and Bridas for Afghanistan Pipeline, WorldPress (n.d.)
House Testimony by Unocal About Central Asian Oil Pipelines (2/98). Industry details location of oil in Central Asia and their plans for it.
On the Web: Specialized Sites
Energy Institute (UK).
US Energy Information Administration (Department of Energy).
Anon. "Score cards on the oil giants," Fortune (9/10/90). How they were affected by the Gulf War.
Fishman, Ted C. "Making a killing: the myth of capital's good intentions," Harper's (8/02):33-41.
Klare, Michael T. "Oil moves the war machine," Progressive (6/02):18-19.
Maechling, Charles. "Pearl harbor: the first energy war," History Today (12/00):41-47.
Shah, Sonia. “Drilling the great barrier reef,” Progressive (7/03):32-34.
Yergin, Daniel. "Gasoline & the American people," The Lamp 73,4 (win 91).
In the Library: Non-Fiction Books
Adie, W.A.C. Oil, Politics & Seapower: The Indian Ocean Vortex (NY: Crane, Russak, 1975).
Ahrari, Mohammed E. OPEC: The Failing Giant (Lexington KY: U. Kentucky, 1986).
Al-Chalabi, Fadhil J. OPEC & the International Oil Industry: A Changing Structure (NY: Oxford, 1980).
__________. OPEC at the Crossroads (NY: Pergamon, 1989).
Allen, Loring. OPEC Oil (Cambridge MA: Oelgeschlagere, Gunn & Hain, 1979).
Alnasrawi, Abbas. OPEC in a Changing World Economy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkinds, 1985).
Deffeyes, Kenneth S. Hubbert's Peak: The Impending World Oil Shortage (Princeton: Princeton U., 2001). Explains the probable peak in world production, and inexorable subsequent decline, before 2010.
Engler, Robert. The Politics of Oil: A Study of Private Power & Democratic Directions (NY: Macmillan, 1961).
___________. The Brotherhood of Oil (Chicago: U. of Chicago, 1977).
Everest, Larry. Oil, Power & Empire: Iraq & the US Global Agenda (Monroe ME: Common Courage, 2004).
Fesharaki, Fereidun & David T. Isaak. OPEC, the Gulf, & the World Petroleum Market: A Study in Government Policy & Downstream Operations (Boulder: Westview, 1983).
Fried, Edward R. & Philip H. Trezise. Oil Security: Retrospect & Prospect (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1993).
Ghanem, Shukri Mohammed. OPEC: The Rise & Fall of an Exclusive Club (London: Routledge & Kegan Powel, 1986).
Ghosh, Arabinda. OPEC, the Petroleum Industry, & US Energy Policy (Westport CT: Quorum, 1983).
Goralski, Robert & Russell W. Freeburg. Oil & War: How the Deadly Struggle for Fuel in World War II Meant Victory or Defeat (NY: Morrow, 1987).
Hartshorn, J.E. Oil Companies & Governments: An Account of the International Oil Industry in its Political Environment (London: Faber & Faber, 1962).
__________. Oil Trade: Politics & Prospects (NY: Cambridge, 1993).
Heinberg, Richard. The Party's Over: Oil, War & the Fate of Industrial Societies (Gabriola BC: New Society, 2003).
Hunter, Shireen. OPEC & the Third World: The Politics of Aid (Bloomington: Indiana U, 1984).
Jayne, Catherine E. Oil, War, & Anglo-American Relations: American & British Reactions to Mexico's Expropriation of Foreign Oil Properties, 1937-1941 (Westport: Greenwood, 2001).
Karl, Terry Lynn. The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms & Petro-States (Berkeley: U. California, 1997).
Klare, Michael T. Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict (NY: Metropolitan, 2001).
Luciani, Giacomo. The Oil Companies and the Arab World: The Structure of the International Oil Industry in the 1980s (NY: St. Martin's, 1984).
Montenegro, Santiago & María Alejandra Vélez. The International Politics of Coffee & Oil in Colombia (Bogotá: U. de los Andes, 1998).
Noreng, Oystein. Oil Politics in the 1980s: Patterns of International Cooperation (NY: McGraw Hill, 1978).
O'Connor, Harvey. The History of Oil Workers' International Union (Denver: OWIU, 1950).
__________. The Empire of Oil (NY: Monthly Review, 1955). Pioneer study of oil cartels & their influence on US foreign policy.
__________. World Crisis in Oil (NY: Monthly Review, 1962).
Ridgeway, James. The Last Play: The Struggle to Monopolize the World's Energy Resources (NY: E.P. Dutton, 1973).
Sherrill, Robert. The Oil Follies of 1970-1980: How the Oil Companies Stole the Show (& Much More Besides) (NY: Anchor, 1983).
Solberg, Carl. Oil Power: The Rise & Imminent Fall of an American Empire (NY: New American Library, 1976).
Stobaugh, Robert & Daniel Yergin (eds.) Energy Future (NY: Random House, 1979).
Stoff, Michael B. Oil, War & American Security: The Search for a National Policy on Foreign Oil, 1941-1947 (New Haven: Yale, 1980).
Stone, Russell A. (ed.) OPEC & the Middle East: The Impact of Oil on Societal Development (NY: Praeger, 1977).
Tanzer, Michael. The Energy Crisis: World Struggle for Power & Wealth (NY: Monthly Review, 1974).
__________. The Race for Resources: Continuing Struggles over Minerals & Fuels (NY: Monthly Review, 1980). Companies vs. countries.
__________ & Stephen Zorn. Energy Update: Oil in the Late 20th C. (NY: Monthly Review, 1985).
Terzian, Pierre. OPEC: The Inside Story (London: Zed, 1985).
Tugwell, Franklin. The Energy Crisis & the American Political Economy: Politics & Markets in the Management of Natural Resources (Stanford: Stanford, 1988).
Turner, Louis. Oil Companies in the International System (3rd ed.; London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1983).
Van der Leeuw, Charles. Oil & Gas in the Caucasus & Caspian: A History (NY: St. Martin's, 2000).
Votaw, Dow. The Six-Legged Dog: Mattei & ENI, A Study in Power (Berkeley: U. of California, 1964).
Yergin, Daniel (ed.) The Dependence Dilemma: Gasoline Consumption & America's Security (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1980).
__________ & Martin Hillenbrand (eds.) Global Insecurity: A Strategy for Energy & Economic Renewal (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980).
__________. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1991).
__________ & Joseph Stanislaw. The Commanding Heights: The Battle for the World Economy (rev. ed.; NY: Simon & Schuster, 2002).
In the Library: Fiction
Grisham, John. The Pelican Brief (NY: Doubleday, 1992).
In the Library: For Young Readers
In the Library: Poetry
In the Library: Drama
In the Library: Photography
"Saro-Wiwa," by Terry Leonino. Greg Artzner & Terry Leonino, Magpie Give Light, Sliced Bread Records, CD-SB71185.
"The End of Suburbia" [??], dir. ??, ?m.
"The Pelican Brief" , dir. Alan J. Pakula, 141m. In video stores.
"The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power" , by InVision for Majestic Films & Trans Pacific Films, BBC Television, MICO & WGBH Boston, 480m. From Public Media Video.
"The Tinderbox" , dir. William Cran, 120m.
"Tulsa" , dir. Stuart Heisler, 90m.